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LC
Common Crane Grus grus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,420,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,420,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 13.4 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.360,000-370,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in China; < c.50 individuals on migration and < c.50 wintering individuals in Korea and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are increasing, stable or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant        
Algeria Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Austria Native Extinct Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant     Yes Yes
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Belgium Native Extant     Yes  
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Cambodia Native Extant        
Canada Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Cyprus Native Extant     Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Djibouti Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes  
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Hong Kong (China) Vagrant Extant        
Hungary Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Italy Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant     Yes  
Laos Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Malta Native Extant        
Mauritania Vagrant Extant        
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant     Yes Yes
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant   Yes    
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant     Yes Yes
Niger Vagrant Extant        
Nigeria Vagrant Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes  
Poland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Portugal Native Extant   Yes    
Qatar Vagrant Extant        
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes  
Serbia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Slovakia Native Extant   Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
Spain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Switzerland Native Extant        
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant   Yes    
Turkey Native Extant     Yes Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes    
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
USA Native Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Salang Kotal site factsheet
Afghanistan Small Pamir site factsheet
Algeria Dayette Morsli - Plaine de Remila (Dayet El Ferd) site factsheet
Armenia Amasia site factsheet
Armenia Tashir site factsheet
Belarus Al'manskija baloty site factsheet
Belarus Balota Jel'nia site factsheet
Belarus Balota Zvaniec site factsheet
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik site factsheet
Belarus Cikiny astravy site factsheet
Belarus Lelchitsy-Ubort site factsheet
Belarus Voronichskiy ostrov site factsheet
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty site factsheet
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel site factsheet
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Altay forest and steppe site factsheet
China (mainland) Ayding Kol site factsheet
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley site factsheet
China (mainland) Dongting Hu wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Heyang Huang He Wetlands Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Hongjian Nur site factsheet
China (mainland) Kaifeng Liuyuankou Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Mengjin Huanghe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Wafangdian Fuzhou Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Weinan Sanhe wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Yellow River Delta Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yuncheng Wetland Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Zhengzhou Huanghe Wetland Nature Reserve site factsheet
Croatia Jelas field including fishponds and wet pastures along Sava RIver site factsheet
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes site factsheet
Cyprus Paramali River and Plateau site factsheet
Czech Republic Ceskolipsko - Dokeské pískovce sandstones and wetlands site factsheet
Czech Republic Rozdalovické rybníky ponds site factsheet
Estonia Kahtla-Kübassaare site factsheet
Estonia Kasti bay site factsheet
Estonia Küdema bay site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
Estonia Meelva bog site factsheet
Estonia Meenikunno bog site factsheet
Estonia Mullutu site factsheet
Estonia Ohepalu site factsheet
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa site factsheet
Estonia Soomaa site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago site factsheet
Ethiopia Akaki - Aba-Samuel wetlands site factsheet
Ethiopia Chelekleka lake and swamp site factsheet
Ethiopia Koka dam and Lake Gelila site factsheet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests site factsheet
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju site factsheet
Finland Litokaira site factsheet
Finland Luoto archipelago site factsheet
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo site factsheet
Finland Oulu region wetlands site factsheet
Finland Patvinsuo National Park site factsheet
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira site factsheet
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands site factsheet
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet site factsheet
Finland Ruunaa site factsheet
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira site factsheet
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake site factsheet
Finland Sundominlahti Bay and Söderfjärden site factsheet
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi site factsheet
Finland Viklinrimpi site factsheet
France Arjuzanx site factsheet
France Brenne centrale site factsheet
France Champ de Tir du Poteau site factsheet
France Col de l'Escrinet site factsheet
France Col de Lizarrieta site factsheet
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie site factsheet
France Etang des Landes site factsheet
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée site factsheet
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux site factsheet
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient site factsheet
France Montagne de la Serre site factsheet
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux site factsheet
France Sologne Bourbonnaise site factsheet
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze site factsheet
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais site factsheet
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt site factsheet
France Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes-Col de Lindux site factsheet
Germany Luchgebiet Spaatz-Hohennauen-Witzke site factsheet
Hungary Bihar Plain site factsheet
Hungary Csanád Pusztas site factsheet
Hungary Hódmezővásárhely Pusztas site factsheet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to site factsheet
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley site factsheet
India Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand site factsheet
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez dam site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Harm lake site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kaftar lake site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Sa'adiyah site factsheet
Israel Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands site factsheet
Israel Hefer valley site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Judean desert site factsheet
Israel Judean foothills site factsheet
Israel Northern Arava valley site factsheet
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains site factsheet
Israel Western Negev site factsheet
Italy Marchesato and River Neto site factsheet
Italy River Sele middle valley site factsheet
Jordan Azraq site factsheet
Jordan Shaumari site factsheet
Kazakhstan Akzhar Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Bolshoy Kak Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Maliy Kak Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Sankebay Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhaltyr Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zharsor-Urkash Salt Lakes site factsheet
Latvia Cena bog site factsheet
Latvia Engure lake site factsheet
Latvia Gauja national park site factsheet
Latvia Irbe valley and Dizpurvs site factsheet
Latvia Kemeri national park site factsheet
Latvia Seda marsh site factsheet
Latvia Sturu and Zvardes bogs site factsheet
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs site factsheet
Lithuania Baldieriskis forest site factsheet
Lithuania Birzai forest site factsheet
Lithuania Buda-Pravieniskes forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Cepkeliai Strict Nature Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Exploited Sulinkiai peatbog site factsheet
Lithuania Gruzai, Uzulenis, Taujenai, Skaistuziai and neighbouring forests complex site factsheet
Lithuania Labanoras Regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania Musos tyrelis raised bog with surrounding forest site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania Novaraistis State Ornithological Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Pravirsulio Tyrelis State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Rudninkai forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania The part of the Grazute RP site factsheet
Lithuania Tyruliai State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Viesvile Strict Nature Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Zalioji & Gitenai forests complex site factsheet
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Luxembourg Aspelt - Lannebur, am Kessel site factsheet
Mongolia Airkhan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Baga and Bayan Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Dashinchilen Bayan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Mongol Daguur site factsheet
Mongolia Ogii Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Onon-Balj site factsheet
Mongolia Teshigiin Olon Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Uvs Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers site factsheet
Morocco Barrage Idriss Premier site factsheet
Myanmar Ayeyarwady River: Myitkyina to Sinbo Section site factsheet
Myanmar Mahanandar Kan site factsheet
Myanmar Myitkyina-Nandebad-Talawagyi site factsheet
Myanmar Yemyet Inn site factsheet
Netherlands Engbertsdijksvenen site factsheet
Netherlands Mariapeel and Deurnesepeel site factsheet
Netherlands Strabrechtse Heide and Beuven site factsheet
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness site factsheet
Poland Augustów forest site factsheet
Poland Barlinek Forest site factsheet
Poland Barycz river valley site factsheet
Poland Biebrza river valley site factsheet
Poland Bielawa Swamps site factsheet
Poland Bubnow Marsh site factsheet
Poland Cedynia Site site factsheet
Poland Dobskie Lake site factsheet
Poland Drawa River Site site factsheet
Poland Dymerskie meadows site factsheet
Poland Elblag Height site factsheet
Poland Forest at Drawa River site factsheet
Poland Goplo Lake Site site factsheet
Poland Goplo Lake Site site factsheet
Poland Insko Site site factsheet
Poland Lower Odra river valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Silesia Forests site factsheet
Poland Middle Notec River Valley site factsheet
Poland Miedwie site site factsheet
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest site factsheet
Poland Nietlice marshes site factsheet
Poland Notec Forest site factsheet
Poland Orzysz Military Area site factsheet
Poland Pisz forest site factsheet
Poland Polesie site factsheet
Poland Rakutowskie swamps site factsheet
Poland Satopy-Samulewo Site site factsheet
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir site factsheet
Poland Skaliskie Forest site factsheet
Poland Slowinska Site site factsheet
Poland Swidwie lake site factsheet
Poland Swidwie Site site factsheet
Poland Tuchola Forest site factsheet
Poland Warmia Site site factsheet
Poland Warta River Mouth site factsheet
Poland Witnica-Debno Site site factsheet
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake site factsheet
Portugal Campo Maior site factsheet
Portugal Castro Verde plains site factsheet
Portugal Évora plains site factsheet
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos site factsheet
Portugal River Guadiana site factsheet
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău site factsheet
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei site factsheet
Romania Buhuşu reservoir - Bacău - Tătărăşti site factsheet
Romania Câmpia Crişurilor site factsheet
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood site factsheet
Romania Lake Fundata site factsheet
Romania Lake Strachina site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Forty islands site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Khadyn lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Lowland swamps in the valley of Tungur and Nenyuga rivers site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Sayan reservoir (Tuva part) site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tere-Khol' lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Baganskiye Lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Holes of the Karasuk river downstream site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kocherdyksky goose zakaznik site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lakes Linejskoe and Kamyshnoe site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Nefed'yevo area and Chistogay lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Schuch'i lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskie of a bog 2 site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskiye marshes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zdvinsky zakaznik site factsheet
Russia (European) Bel'skaya flood-plain site factsheet
Russia (European) Budary lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Bylinskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Common Crane premigratory aggregating area near village Russkoye Maklakovo site factsheet
Russia (European) Cranes area site factsheet
Russia (European) Downstream of Ik river site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Algashka river site factsheet
Russia (European) Floodplain of the Terek river near Staroshchedrinskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Forests, bogs and gathering of the Common Cranes near Voskresenskoye village site factsheet
Russia (European) Homeland of the Crane (Dubna marshes and adjacent areas) site factsheet
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Kargopol' area site factsheet
Russia (European) Kissyk area site factsheet
Russia (European) Klyazminski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Kosobo-Kelebski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Kurmyshskaya flood-land site factsheet
Russia (European) Kurnikov liman site factsheet
Russia (European) Lake El'ton site factsheet
Russia (European) Lotoshino crane gathering site factsheet
Russia (European) Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river site factsheet
Russia (European) Polisto-Lovatskaya mire system site factsheet
Russia (European) Ptich'ye (Bird's) Lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Rakovye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Salt lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Shumerlinskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Watershed between Sura and Barysh rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Zavoronezhski area site factsheet
Slovenia Črete site factsheet
Slovenia Lake Cerknica site factsheet
Spain Alange site factsheet
Spain Alcañiz salt lakes site factsheet
Spain Alcántara reservoir-Cuatro Lugares site factsheet
Spain Alto Guadiato site factsheet
Spain Azuaga-Llerena-Peraleda de Zaucejo site factsheet
Spain Bienvenida-Usagre-Ribera del Fresno site factsheet
Spain Borbollón reservoir site factsheet
Spain Botoa-Villar del Rey site factsheet
Spain Brozas-Membrío site factsheet
Spain Campo Arañuelo-Valdecañas reservoir site factsheet
Spain Cinca river rice fields and steppe area site factsheet
Spain Don Benito-Guareña site factsheet
Spain El Hito site factsheet
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas site factsheet
Spain Entrepeñas and Buendía reservoirs site factsheet
Spain Fuente de Piedra, Gosque and Campillos lakes site factsheet
Spain Gabriel y Galán reservoir site factsheet
Spain Gallocanta lake site factsheet
Spain La Serena site factsheet
Spain Lácara-Morante site factsheet
Spain Montánchez mountain range-Cornalvo reservoir site factsheet
Spain Olivenza-La Albuera site factsheet
Spain Pedroches Occidentales site factsheet
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita site factsheet
Spain Plain between Cáceres and Trujillo-Aldea del Cano site factsheet
Spain Puebla de Beleña lagoons site factsheet
Spain Puerto de Mejoral-Almorchón-Cabeza del Buey site factsheet
Spain Puerto Peña reservoir-Valdecaballeros site factsheet
Spain Rivers Cinca and Alcanadre riverine forest site factsheet
Spain Roncesvalles-Irati-Abodi mountain range site factsheet
Spain Rosarito and Navalcán reservoirs-La Iglesuela (Tietar valley) site factsheet
Spain Siruela-Agudo site factsheet
Spain Tierra de Campiñas steppes site factsheet
Spain Tietar valley site factsheet
Spain Tormos reservoir (La Sotonera) site factsheet
Spain Trujillo-Torrecillas de la Tiesa site factsheet
Spain Valdehornillos-Santa Amalia site factsheet
Spain Villafáfila site factsheet
Spain Villanueva del Fresno site factsheet
Sweden Bay of Kilsviken site factsheet
Sweden Dumme mosse site factsheet
Sweden Falsterbo-Bay of Foteviken site factsheet
Sweden Färnebofjärden site factsheet
Sweden Florarna site factsheet
Sweden Hanveden-Hemfosa site factsheet
Sweden Kvismaren site factsheet
Sweden Lake Ånnsjön-Storlien site factsheet
Sweden Lake Hallbosjön site factsheet
Sweden Lake Hornborgasjön site factsheet
Sweden Lake Vendelsjön site factsheet
Sweden River Umeälven delta site factsheet
Sweden Sjöängen - Svartån site factsheet
Sweden Western part of lake Mälaren site factsheet
Syria Golan Heights site factsheet
Tajikistan Dangara massif site factsheet
Tajikistan Kayrakkum Reservoir site factsheet
Tajikistan Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Halk el Menzel site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi el Hani site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour site factsheet
Turkey Acıgöl Lake site factsheet
Turkey Ağrı Plain site factsheet
Turkey Akdoğan Mountain site factsheet
Turkey Amanos Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Ardahan forest site factsheet
Turkey Batmış Lake (Cil Lake) site factsheet
Turkey Bendimahi Delta site factsheet
Turkey Bulanık and Malazgirt Plains site factsheet
Turkey Çaldıran Plain site factsheet
Turkey Ceyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Çiçekli Lakes site factsheet
Turkey Çöl Lake and Çalıkdüzü site factsheet
Turkey Doğubayazıt Marshes site factsheet
Turkey Eastern Black Sea Mountains site factsheet
Turkey Ekşisu Marshes site factsheet
Turkey Ereğli Plain site factsheet
Turkey Eşmekaya Marshes site factsheet
Turkey Girdev Lake and Akdağlar site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Delta site factsheet
Turkey Hafik Zara Hills site factsheet
Turkey Kars Plain site factsheet
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta site factsheet
Turkey Mogan lake site factsheet
Turkey Sarısu Plain site factsheet
Turkey Sarıyar Reservoir site factsheet
Turkey Seyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Sultan Marsh site factsheet
Turkey Tersakan Lake site factsheet
Turkey Tuz Lake site factsheet
Turkey Upper Murat Valley site factsheet
Turkey Yeniçağa Lake site factsheet
Turkey Yüksekova site factsheet
Turkmenistan Tallymerjen site factsheet
Turkmenistan Tejen site factsheet
Ukraine Agricultural lands near Bilorets'ke (Chornozemne village) site factsheet
Ukraine Askania-Nova Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Cheremske mire site factsheet
Ukraine Dnipro delta site factsheet
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Energodar) site factsheet
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Kajiry village) site factsheet
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Kozats'ki islands) site factsheet
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Vasylivka village) site factsheet
Ukraine Mazepyn Yar site factsheet
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Snake island site factsheet
Ukraine Stokhod river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Syvash Bay site factsheet
Ukraine Uzh river valley site factsheet
United Kingdom Broadland site factsheet
Uzbekistan Achinskoe Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Amudarya floodlands near Termez site factsheet
Uzbekistan Aranasay Lake System site factsheet
Uzbekistan Chimkurgan Reservoir site factsheet
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Savanna Dry suitable breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of surface water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion, Othe
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Large dams Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Transportation & service corridors Roads & railroads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Grus grus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Gruidae (Cranes)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,420,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species