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Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2cd+3cd+4cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,890,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 15.6 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be widespread in very poorly documented areas, so might still be common in many places (del Hoyo et al. 1996).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in moderately rapid decline owing mainly to unsustainable levels of hunting and on-going habitat modification (del Hoyo et al. 1996).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Gambia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Ghana Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Unknown Extant      
Kenya Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Mali Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Morocco Native Extant      
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant      
Senegal Native Extant      
Somalia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
South Sudan Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Cameroon Kalamaloué National Park site factsheet
Cameroon Lake Maga site factsheet
Cameroon Logone flood-plain site factsheet
Cameroon Waza National Park site factsheet
Chad Lake Chad site factsheet
Chad Ouadi Rimé - Ouadi Achim site factsheet
Djibouti Dôda site factsheet
Eritrea Dehalak Archipelago and offshore islands site factsheet
Eritrea Gulf of Zula site factsheet
Eritrea Massawa coast site factsheet
Eritrea Semenawi Bahri site factsheet
Eritrea Western Plain: Barka river site factsheet
Eritrea Western Plain: Gash - Setit site factsheet
Mali Falaise de Bandiagara site factsheet
Mali Lac Faguibine site factsheet
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli site factsheet
Mauritania Diawling National Park site factsheet
Mauritania Wad Initi site factsheet
Niger 'W' National Park site factsheet
Niger Dilia de Lagané site factsheet
Niger Makalondi district site factsheet
Nigeria Chad Basin National Park: Chingurmi - Duguma Sector site factsheet
Nigeria Sambisa Game Reserve site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Al-Habrow al-Arabi site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Makkah waste-water stream site factsheet
Senegal Djoudj wetlands site factsheet
Senegal Ferlo North site factsheet
Senegal Ferlo South site factsheet
Senegal Lac de Guiers site factsheet
Senegal River Sénégal (Ntiagar to Richard-Toll) site factsheet
South Sudan Imatong mountains site factsheet
South Sudan Juba site factsheet
South Sudan Kidepo site factsheet
South Sudan Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system) site factsheet
Sudan Dinder site factsheet
Sudan En Nahud site factsheet
Sudan Jebel Marra site factsheet
Sudan Lake Kundi site factsheet
Sudan Um Badr lake site factsheet
Yemen Al-Kadan area site factsheet
Yemen Al-Murah site factsheet
Yemen Hiswat al-Hugayma site factsheet
Yemen Wadi Mawr - Al-Zuhrah site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Altitude 0 - 200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Nomadic grazing Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Ardeotis arabs. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Otididae (Bustards)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,890,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions