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Mikado Pheasant Syrmaticus mikado
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Although probably secure inside protected areas, this species is suffering from persistant hunting and the problems associated with habitat loss. It is likely to have a moderately small population and range, which are declining, and it is therefore considered Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Syrmaticus mikado is found in the mountains of central Taiwan (China). Yushan National Park was recently estimated to hold c.10,000 individuals, and the species is also known from several other protected areas. There may be some decline in its numbers outside protected areas but its high-altitude habitats are relatively secure and it is tolerant of secondary growth.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as reasonably common (Madge and McGowan 2002). The population in Yushan National Park is estimated as c.10,000 individuals (Madge and McGowan 2002), representing a significant proportion of the species' global population. The global population estimate has has therefore been placed in the range of c.10,000-19,999 individuals. This equates to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals. Brazil (2009) estimates the population of Taiwan at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs.

Trend justification
There are no data on population trends; however, the species is suspected to be in decline owing to hunting and habitat degradation.

It inhabits forest with dense undergrowth and bamboo on steep mountain slopes between 1,800 and 3,300 m and possibly higher.

Heavy hunting pressure was a problem for it in the past, and appears to be returning at some sites, even within protected areas (C. Lin Bridgeman in litt. 2003). It has undoubtedly declined because of habitat loss, as driven by infrastructure development and landslides, and, in the long term, sub-populations may become isolated in protected areas.

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix I. Conservation Actions Proposed
Regularly monitor the population at selected sites. Asses the effect of hunting both inside and outside protected areas. Conduct local education programmes to discourage hunting. Enforce the protection afforded to the species by protected areas.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia: eastern China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, eastern Russia. Christopher Helm, London.

Madge, S.; McGowan, P. 2002. Pheasants, partridges and grouse: including buttonquails, sandgrouse and allies. Christopher Helm, London.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Keane, A., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.

Lin Bridgeman, C.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Syrmaticus mikado. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Mikado pheasant (Syrmaticus mikado) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Species name author (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906)
Population size 6000-15000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 13,800 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species