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Elliot's Pheasant Syrmaticus ellioti

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2cd+3cd+4cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2010 Near Threatened
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 471,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium Estimated 2007
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-10000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5 - - -
Population justification: Ongoing and extensive survey efforts have led to a global population estimate of c.100,000-200,000 individuals (Fellowes, J. in litt. 2007; He Fen-qi in litt. 2007), while the population in China has been estimated at <c.10,000 breeding pairs (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: Habitat loss was believed to have resulted in a rapid population decline. Clearance of natural forest has been illegal since 1998 and although hunting is also a factor at a local level it seems that what were previously assumed to be rapid population declines are now slower. Although there is no evidence that the population is dramatically declining, a decline of 20-29% over the past three generations is precautionarily suspected.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
China (mainland) Badagongshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Baiyun Forest Park site factsheet
China (mainland) Dashahe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dawei Shan Nature Reserve (Hunan) site factsheet
China (mainland) Fanjing Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Fengyang Shan-Baishanzu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Fodingshan Forest site factsheet
China (mainland) Fujian Wuyi Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Guanshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Guniujiang Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Gutian Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Haiyangshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Huangsang Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiangxi Wuyi Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiaqiaoling Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jinggang Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiugong Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiulong Shan Nature Reserve (Zhejiang) site factsheet
China (mainland) Kuocang Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Lagou Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Leigong Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Longqi Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Mao'er Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Maolan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Mayanghe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Meihua Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Mount Huang Shan site factsheet
China (mainland) Qingliangfeng Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Sansuo Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Shiyang Forest Park site factsheet
China (mainland) Shuiwu site factsheet
China (mainland) Taoyuandong Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Tianmen Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Tianmu Shan site factsheet
China (mainland) Tianping Shan site factsheet
China (mainland) Wugang Yunshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Wulingyuan site factsheet
China (mainland) Wuyanling Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yueliangshan Forest site factsheet
China (mainland) Zhejiang Qingliangfeng Nature Reserve site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate major resident
Altitude 200 - 1900 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Past Impact
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Gathering terrestrial plants / Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Past Impact
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Air-borne pollutants / Acid rain Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Syrmaticus ellioti. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Species name author (Swinhoe, 1872)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 471,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species