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Maroon-chinned Fruit-dove Ptilinopus subgularis

This species is confined to lowland areas which are subject to intense logging activities; it is consequently thought to be undergoing a moderately rapid population decline, qualifying it as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Taxonomic note

Ptilinopus subgularis, P. epia and P. mangoliensis (del Hoyo et al. 2013) were previously lumped as P. subgularis following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993). 

Distribution and population
Ptilinopus subgularis is restricted to Sulawesi (race epia), the Banggai Islands (race subgularis) and Sula Islands (race mangoliensis), Indonesia, where it is moderately common (BirdLife International 2001). It is much less common at the upper end of its elevation range.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as not uncommon, although easily over-looked (Gibbs et al. 2001).

Trend justification
The species is suspected to be declining at a moderately rapid rate, owing to habitat loss and degradation.

It is mainly found in primary forest, but also some secondary and disturbed forest from the lowlands up to 800 m on Sulawesi, and a little higher (900 m) in the Banggai Islands and Sula Islands.

Forest destruction within its elevation range has been extensive in recent decades, and is likely to continue, and its population must be suffering an on-going decline.

Conservation Actions Underway
None is known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey to assess population size. Regularly monitor at certain sites throughout its range to determine population trends. Investigate the extent of hunting by local residents. Where relevant, control hunting where possible, perhaps using awareness campaigns. Protect significant areas of primary lowland forest across its range.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Gibbs, D.; Barnes, E.; Cox, J. 2001. Pigeons and doves: a guide to the pigeons and doves of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, U.K.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Ptilinopus subgularis. Downloaded from on 16/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 16/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Columbidae (Doves and pigeons)
Species name author (Meyer and Wiglesworth, 1896)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 113,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species