email a friend
printable version
VU
Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered C2a(i) 
Vulnerable  

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Vulnerable
2013 Vulnerable
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 149,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2000-2700 medium Estimated 2010
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 251-1000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5 - - -
Population justification: The population was estimated to number 4,000-6,000 individuals, roughly equivalent to 2,700-4,000 mature individuals (R. Kaul in litt. 2007). However, recent surveys of previously surveyed sites in Himachal Pradesh showed evidence of significant declines and even disappearance from some sites, suggesting that a revised population estimate could be 3,000–4,000 individuals (R. Kalsi pers. comm., in Rahmani 2012), roughly equating to 2,000-2,700 mature individuals.
Trend justification: This species appears to be particularly vulnerable to hunting pressure as it has a strong association with human settlements, relying on low-level anthropogenic disturbance to maintain its preferred habitat. Hunting pressure and habitat fragmentation are suspected to be causing a moderate global decline.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
India Native Extant       Yes
Nepal Native Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
India Askot Wildlife Sanctuary and Goriganga Basin site factsheet
India Bandli Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Binog Sanctuary - Bhadraj - Jharipani site factsheet
India Chail Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Dhauludhar Wildlife Sanctuary and McLeod Gunj site factsheet
India Gamgul Siahbehi Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Gangotri National Park site factsheet
India Govind National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, Sandra, Kotinad and Singtur ranges (Tons forest division) site factsheet
India Great Himalayan National Park site factsheet
India Kais Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kalatop Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kanawar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kedarnath Musk Deer Sanctuary and surrounding Reserve Forests site factsheet
India Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Limbar Valley Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Majathal Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
India Rupi Bhaba Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Shikari Devi Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Shimla Water Catchment Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Talra Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Upper Pindar Catchment in East Almora Forest Division site factsheet
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve site factsheet
Nepal Rara National Park site factsheet
Pakistan Machiara National Park site factsheet
Pakistan Salkala Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Swamp suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate major resident
Altitude 1445 - 3050 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 950 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Large dams Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - -  
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Catreus wallichii. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Species name author (Hardwicke, 1827)
Population size 2000-2700 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 149,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species