email a friend
printable version
EX
Choiseul Pigeon Microgoura meeki

Justification
This species is known from Choiseul, Solomon Islands, but it has not been recorded since 1904 and is now Extinct. It is likely to have been heavily predated by introduced dogs and cats.

Taxonomic source(s)
Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened birds of the world, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Microgoura meeki was probably endemic to Choiseul, Solomon Islands, from where it is known from six skins and a single egg (Knox and Walters 1994). Claims that it may have occurred on islands from Bougainville to Malaita are speculative (Tennent 2009). It has not been recorded since 1904 (Diamond 1987) despite searching and interviews with villagers (Collar et al. 1994). There have been unsubstantiated reports from the early 1940s (Tennent 2009) and more recently (Pikacha 2005), but these are not considered to be accurate; it has often been confused with the extant Crested Cuckoo-dove (Reinwardtoena crassirostris) and Yellow-legged Pigeon (Columba pallidiceps) (Tennent 2009). There have been several unsuccessful searches for it (Dutson 2011) and it is now considered Extinct.


Ecology
It was probably a species of lowland forests and swamps, and reportedly nested on the ground (Tennent 2009). It occurred in small groups and was reported to be tame (Dutson 2011).

Threats
Its extinction was presumably caused by predation by feral dogs and especially cats (Tennent 2009), as suitable habitat remains on the island (Collar et al. 1994).

References
Collar, N. J.; Crosby, M. J.; Stattersfield, A. J. 1994. Birds to watch 2: the world list of threatened birds. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Diamond, J. M. 1987. Extant unless proven extinct? Or, extinct unless proven extant? Conservation Biology 1(1): 77-79.

Dutson, G. 2011. Birds of Melanesia: Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Christopher Helm, London.

Knox, A. G.; Walters, M. P. 1994. Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of the Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club, Tring, U.K.

Pikacha, P. 2005. Kuvojo, an endemic Choi ground pigeon. Honiara, Solomon Islands: Solomon Star Newspaper.

Tennent, W. J. 2009. A cat among the pigeons! Known specimens and supposed distribution of the extinct Solomons Crested Pigeon Microgoura meeki Rothschild, 1904. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 129(4): 241-253.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Brooks, T., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Microgoura meeki. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Choiseul pigeon (Microgoura meeki) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Extinct
Family Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Species name author Rothschild, 1904
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species