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Crestless Fireback Lophura erythrophthalma

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type shelf island
Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,090,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000-19999 poor Estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-1000000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5 - - -
Population justification: The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall into the band 10,000-19,999 mature individuals, although it is now likely to be at the lower end of this range (B. van Balen in litt. 2012). An estimate of 10,000-19,999 mature individuals equates to 15,000-29,999 individuals in total, rounded here to 15,000-30,000 individuals.
Trend justification: This species is threatened by rapid habitat loss and probably hunting pressure, and is consequently suspected to be declining rapidly.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Brunei Native Extant Yes    
Indonesia Native Extant Yes    
Malaysia Native Extant Yes    
Singapore Native Extinct      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Brunei Belait Swamp Forest site factsheet
Brunei Seria Coast site factsheet
Brunei Southern Ladan Hills site factsheet
Brunei Ulu Temburong site factsheet
Indonesia Bukit Bahar-Tajau Pecah site factsheet
Indonesia Bukit Tigapuluh site factsheet
Indonesia Gunung Beratus site factsheet
Indonesia Gunung Palung site factsheet
Indonesia Hutan Samarinda-Balikpapan site factsheet
Indonesia Tanjung Puting site factsheet
Indonesia Tesso Nilo site factsheet
Indonesia Ulu Barito site factsheet
Malaysia Dulit Range site factsheet
Malaysia Endau-Rompin site factsheet
Malaysia Hulu Gombak-Sungai Lalang forest site factsheet
Malaysia Kabili-Sepilok site factsheet
Malaysia Kinabatangan floodplain site factsheet
Malaysia Krau Wildlife Reserve site factsheet
Malaysia Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Malaysia Mulu - Buda Protected Area site factsheet
Malaysia Panti forest site factsheet
Malaysia Similajau National Park site factsheet
Malaysia Taman Negara National Park site factsheet
Malaysia Tanjung Datu-Samunsam Protected Area site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude 0 - 300 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact:
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact:
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact:
Ecosystem degradation


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Lophura erythrophthalma. Downloaded from on 14/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 14/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Phasianidae (Grouse, pheasants and partridges)
Species name author (Raffles, 1822)
Population size 10000-19999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,090,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species