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Eurasian Collared-dove Streptopelia decaocto

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 17,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.3 - - -
Population justification: Rich et al. (2004) have estimated the global population to number c.8,000,000 individuals. In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number c.4,700,000-11,000,000 breeding pairs, equating to c.14,100,000-33,000,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a revised estimate of the global population size is c.20,000,000-50,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. National population estimates include: c.100-100,000 breeding pairs in China; < c.100 breeding pairs in Korea and c.100-10,000 introduced breeding pairs in Japan (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing as ongoing habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat. In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Anguilla (to UK) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Antigua and Barbuda Introduced Extant      
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahamas Introduced Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant      
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes    
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Belize Introduced Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant Yes    
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Introduced Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Cayman Islands (to UK) Introduced Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Croatia Native Extant      
Cuba Introduced Extant      
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Introduced Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant      
Dominica Introduced Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant      
Finland Native Extant      
France Native Extant      
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Greece Native Extant      
Grenada Unknown Extant      
Guadeloupe (to France) Introduced Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Iceland Native Extant Yes    
India Native Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant      
Ireland Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant Yes    
Italy Native Extant      
Japan Introduced Extant Yes    
Jordan Native Extant      
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant      
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant      
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Martinique (to France) Introduced Extant      
Mexico Introduced Extant      
Moldova Native Extant      
Monaco Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Montserrat (to UK) Introduced Extant      
Morocco Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant Yes    
Nepal Native Extant Yes    
Netherlands Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant Yes    
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Oman Native Extant     Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant      
Romania Native Extant      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Introduced Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant Yes    
Spain Native Extant      
Sri Lanka Native Extant Yes    
St Kitts and Nevis Introduced Extant      
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Native Extant Yes    
Sweden Native Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tunisia Vagrant Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Introduced Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant      
United Kingdom Native Extant      
USA Introduced Extant Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant      
Yemen Vagrant Extant   Yes  

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Streptopelia decaocto. Downloaded from on 19/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 19/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Columbidae (Doves and pigeons)
Species name author (Frivaldszky, 1838)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 17,300,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species