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Sri Lanka Woodpigeon Columba torringtoniae
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v);C2a(i) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2006 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type shelf island
Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,000 medium
Number of locations 6-10 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2500-9999 poor Estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 250-1000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to be unlikely to number more than a few thousand individuals based on recent records and surveys. It is placed in the band 2,500-9,999 mature individuals here, equating to 3,750-14,999 individuals, rounded here to 3,500-15,000 individuals.
Trend justification: This species's population size and trends are unclear but it appears to have declined and become increasingly fragmented since the mid 20th century, becoming uncommon in the central mountains. Based on this information, the species is suspected to be suffering a moderate and on-going decline overall.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Sri Lanka Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Sri Lanka Agrapatana-Bopaththalawa site factsheet
Sri Lanka Bodhinagala site factsheet
Sri Lanka Delgoda / Kudumiriya / Kobahadukanda site factsheet
Sri Lanka Dellawa / Diyadawa site factsheet
Sri Lanka Delwela / Panilkanda / Walankanda site factsheet
Sri Lanka Dikoya site factsheet
Sri Lanka Dotalugala / Rassagala site factsheet
Sri Lanka Hakgala / Meepilimana site factsheet
Sri Lanka Haputale site factsheet
Sri Lanka Horton plains / Ohiya / Pattipola-Ambewela site factsheet
Sri Lanka Kandapola-Seethaeliya / Pedro site factsheet
Sri Lanka Kithulgala site factsheet
Sri Lanka Knuckles Range (Knuckles IBA) site factsheet
Sri Lanka Morningside and Handapan Ella Plains (Sinharaja IBA) site factsheet
Sri Lanka Namunukula site factsheet
Sri Lanka Nuwara Eliya site factsheet
Sri Lanka Peak Wilderness Sanctuary site factsheet
Sri Lanka Tangamalai site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major breeding
Altitude 900 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 300 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Air-borne pollutants / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Ecosystem degradation


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Columba torringtoniae. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Species name author (Blyth & Kelaart, 1853)
Population size 2500-9999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species