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LC
Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass 490 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 4,410,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 4,410,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 9-17 million breeding pairs, equating to 27-51 million individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 75-94% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 30-70 million individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is increasing in many parts of its range as it can exploit human-modified habitats; it has expanded its range northwards to Fenno-Scandia and Faeroe Islands (del Hoyo et al. 1997). In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate increase (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Andorra Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant       Yes
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Egypt Vagrant Extant        
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant Yes      
Finland Native Extant     Yes Yes
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Hungary Native Extant Yes      
Iceland Native Extant Yes      
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Jordan Vagrant Extant        
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes      
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malta Native Extant Yes      
Mauritania Vagrant Extant        
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Poland Native Extant       Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes Yes
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes  
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes    
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Czech Republic Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) site factsheet
Portugal Cabeço do Fogo site factsheet
Portugal Lomba Grande site factsheet
Portugal Pico da Vara site factsheet
Portugal Zona Central do Pico site factsheet
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest site factsheet
Spain Mountains of Barcelona site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Columba palumbus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 4,410,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species