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Yellow-eyed Pigeon Columba eversmanni
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Vulnerable A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass 202 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,910,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 4,410,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000-19999 poor Estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-1000000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -
Population justification: The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall into the band 10,000-19,999 mature individuals. This equates to 15,000-29,999 individuals in total, rounded here to 15,000-30,000 individuals.
Trend justification: The species declined historically owing to hunting pressure, and rapid declines are suspected to be continuing today through the widespread loss and conversion of habitat in both its breeding and wintering ranges (del Hoyo at al. 1997).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
China (mainland) Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant   Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Pakistan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Darqad site factsheet
Afghanistan Hari Rud valley site factsheet
Afghanistan Imam Sahib site factsheet
Afghanistan North-western steppe site factsheet
China (mainland) Burqin River and Kanas Lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Eastern Qilian Shan mountains site factsheet
China (mainland) Gongliu spruce forest site factsheet
China (mainland) Ili River basin site factsheet
China (mainland) Jinta site factsheet
China (mainland) Kunes forest site factsheet
China (mainland) Markit-Yarkant Oasis site factsheet
China (mainland) Minqin site factsheet
China (mainland) Qapqal grassland and wetland site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hari Rud valley near Sarrakhs site factsheet
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Altyn-Emel National Park site factsheet
Kazakhstan Arys-Karaktau State Reserved Zone site factsheet
Kazakhstan Ili River Delta site factsheet
Kazakhstan Topar Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zheltoranga site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley site factsheet
Pakistan Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands site factsheet
Pakistan Indus Waterfowl Refuge site factsheet
Tajikistan Dashtidjum site factsheet
Tajikistan Kayrakkum Reservoir site factsheet
Tajikistan Sarazm site factsheet
Tajikistan Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garachop site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land major non-breeding
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves suitable breeding
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves suitable non-breeding
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Columba eversmanni. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Species name author Bonaparte, 1856
Population size 10000-19999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,910,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species