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Chinese Monal Lophophorus lhuysii

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable C2a(i) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Vulnerable
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass 3008 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 176,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2500-9999 poor Estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 250-1000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 10,000-25,000 individuals by He Fenqi. Given the uncertainty within this population estimate, the total number of mature individuals is precautionarily assumed to fall below 10,000, in the population band 2,500-9,999.
Trend justification: Overgrazing by wild yak and the collection of its food plants are degrading the species's habitat and leading to disturbance. This, and localised hunting pressure, is suspected to be driving an on-going decline in the population size, although the likely rate of decline has not been estimated.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
China (mainland) Anzihe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Babso Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Baihe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Baishui Jiang Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Baishuihe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Baiyang Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dazhubao and Dafengding site factsheet
China (mainland) Fengtongzhai Qiaoqi site factsheet
China (mainland) Gongga Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Gonjo site factsheet
China (mainland) Heishuihe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Huanglongsi Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiuding Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Labahe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Liziping Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Longxi–Hongkou Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Markam site factsheet
China (mainland) Mengbi Shan site factsheet
China (mainland) Mengtun site factsheet
China (mainland) Min Shan mountains site factsheet
China (mainland) Piankou Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Qianfoshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Tangjiahe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Wahuishan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Wanglang Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Wolong Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xiaohegou Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xiaozhaizigou Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xuebaoding Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yele Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Zoigê (Ruo'ergai) Marshes site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude major resident
Altitude 3300 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits 2800 - 4900 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Gathering terrestrial plants / Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Lophophorus lhuysii. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Species name author Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1866
Population size 2500-9999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 176,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species