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LC
Stock Dove Columba oenas

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 9,270,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,640,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.3 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 520000-730000 breeding pairs, equating to 1560000-2190000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 75-94% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 1700000-3000000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: In Europe the overall trend from 1980-2011 was increasing, based on provisional data for 27 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Vagrant Extant        
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Andorra Native Extant Yes      
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Egypt Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Native Extant     Yes Yes
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Hungary Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Japan Vagrant Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes    
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Vagrant Extant        
Latvia Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes      
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malta Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant     Yes Yes
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Sweden Native Extant Yes      
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant   Yes    
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tunisia Vagrant Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes    
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Doupov hills site factsheet
Czech Republic Jeseniky mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) site factsheet
Czech Republic Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) site factsheet
Finland Ruissalo site factsheet
Poland Augustów forest site factsheet
Poland Bialowieza Forest site factsheet
Poland Elblag Height site factsheet
Poland Forest at Drawa River site factsheet
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains site factsheet
Poland Tuchola Forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Racheyski forest site factsheet
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges site factsheet
Spain Mountains of Barcelona site factsheet
Spain Peñagolosa site factsheet
Spain Turia canyon and Los Serranos site factsheet
Turkey Yenice forest site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves suitable breeding
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves marginal resident
Forest Boreal suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2300 m

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - -  
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - -  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Columba oenas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 9,270,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species