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Cabot's Tragopan Tragopan caboti

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable C2a(i) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2006 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 397,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2500-9999 medium Estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 250-1000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -
Population justification: A population estimate of c.9,300 individuals has been derived from analysis of records and surveys by BirdLife International (2001) and the national wildlife survey of China (1995-2000), although Brazil (2009) estimated far fewer: <100 breeding pairs. It is placed in the band 2,500-9,999 mature individuals, equivalent to 3,750-14,999 individuals, rounded here to 3,500-15,000 individuals. However, it may number fewer than 5,000 mature individuals (Zhang Zhengwang in litt. 2012).
Trend justification: There is evidence that protected areas are effective at protecting this species and maintaining population numbers. However, within Wuyanling Nature Reserve, tragopan density declined from 7.1 per km2 in the late 1980s to 0.9 per km2 in 2002-2003 (Wen-hong Deng et al. 2005), and the species is suffering from habitat conversion and hunting pressure outside of protected areas, thus it is suspected to be undergoing a moderately rapid decline.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
China (mainland) Baiyun Forest Park site factsheet
China (mainland) Bamian Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Chebaling Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dupangling Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Fengyang Shan-Baishanzu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Fujian Wuyi Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Guanshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Gupo Shan site factsheet
China (mainland) Haiyangshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Huangsang Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Huashuichong Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiangxi Wuyi Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiaqiaoling Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jinggang Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiulianshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiulingshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiulong Shan Nature Reserve (Zhejiang) site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiuyi Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Longqi Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Mangshan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Mao'er Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Matoushan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Meihua Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Nankun Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Nanling mountains site factsheet
China (mainland) Shiyang Forest Park site factsheet
China (mainland) Suichuan site factsheet
China (mainland) Tianmen Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Tianping Shan site factsheet
China (mainland) Wuyanling Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yindian Shan and Xiling Shan ranges site factsheet
China (mainland) Ziyun Wanfeng Shan Nature Reserve site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate major resident
Altitude 600 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Competition, Reduced reproductive success

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Tragopan caboti. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Phasianidae (Grouse, pheasants and partridges)
Species name author (Gould, 1857)
Population size 2500-9999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 397,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species