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LC
Sombre Nightjar Caprimulgus fraenatus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 543,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be locally common in suitable habitat (del Hoyo et al. 1999).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Burundi Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Eritrea Native Extant       Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant       Yes
Kenya Native Extant       Yes
Somalia Native Extant       Yes
South Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Tanzania Native Extant       Yes
Uganda Vagrant Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Eritrea Asmara escarpment site factsheet
Ethiopia Awash National Park site factsheet
Ethiopia Bogol Manyo - Dolo site factsheet
Ethiopia Lake Chew Bahir site factsheet
Ethiopia Nechisar National Park site factsheet
Ethiopia Omo National Park site factsheet
Kenya Amboseli National Park site factsheet
Kenya Dida Galgalu desert site factsheet
Kenya Kianyaga valleys site factsheet
Kenya Lake Elmenteita site factsheet
Kenya Lake Magadi site factsheet
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park site factsheet
Kenya Machakos valleys site factsheet
Kenya Masai Mara site factsheet
Kenya Meru National Park site factsheet
Kenya Mount Elgon (Kenya) site factsheet
Kenya Nairobi National Park site factsheet
Kenya Samburu and Buffalo Springs National Reserves site factsheet
Kenya Shaba National Reserve site factsheet
Kenya South Nguruman site factsheet
Kenya Tsavo East National Park site factsheet
Kenya Tsavo West National Park site factsheet
Somalia Boorama plains site factsheet
South Sudan Bandingilo site factsheet
Tanzania Arusha National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Natron and Engaruka basin site factsheet
Tanzania Nyumba ya Mungu reservoir site factsheet
Tanzania Serengeti National Park site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Altitude 0 - 3200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Caprimulgus fraenatus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Caprimulgidae (Nightjars)
Species name author Salvadori, 1884
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 543,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change