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Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra

Justification
Although the least threatened of the tragopans, this species is thought to have a small to moderately small population which is subject to hunting over most of its range, as well as suffering from logging and forest loss. It is therefore classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Tragopan satyra occurs in the Himalayas of Nepal (uncommon), India (uncommon), Bhutan (fairly common) and China (local, with a limited range in south and south-east Tibet) (BirdLife International 2001). Its distribution is now fragmented in the Indian Subcontinent. It is probably most secure in Bhutan, where Buddhist beliefs mean that it is not hunted. Call counts conducted at Pipar and Santel, Nepal, in 2005 suggest that the species has not declined there, with numbers actually higher than in the last surveys in those areas in 1998 and 2001 respectively (Poudyal et al. 2009), although the species is suspected to be in decline overall.

Population justification
The global population size has been estimated as fewer than 20,000 individuals (Madge and McGowan 2002). It is placed in the band 10,000-19,999 individuals, equating to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification
There are no data on overall population trends, although recent surveys suggest a stable or increasing trend in the Pipar-Santel area of Nepal (Poudyal et al. 2009); however, hunting and habitat degradation are suspected to be causing a slow decline overall.

Ecology
It is resident in moist oak and rhododendron forest with dense undergrowth and bamboo clumps, mixed forest, scrub and densely vegetated ravines, usually between 2,200 m and 4,250 m in the breeding season, sometimes moving down to 1,800 m in winter.

Threats
Major threats include excessive hunting - it is occasionally snared by local people for food (Choudhury 2003), as well as habitat clearance and degradation due to timber harvesting, unplanned fires, fuelwood and fodder collection, and livestock grazing (BirdLife International 2001, Poudyal et al. 2009). Some areas, such as the Pipar-Santel area of Nepal, might be opened up for the commercial extraction of medicinal and culinary plants (Poudyal et al. 2009).

Conservation Actions Underway
None is known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey to assess the size of the population. Regularly monitor the population at selected sites. Asses the effect of hunting on populations. Conduct local education programmes to discourage hunting. Protect large areas of unlogged forest in areas where it occurs.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Choudhury, A. 2003. Birds of Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary and Sessa Orchid Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Forktail 19: 1-13.

Madge, S.; McGowan, P. 2002. Pheasants, partridges and grouse: including buttonquails, sandgrouse and allies. Christopher Helm, London.

Poudyal, L. P.; Mahato, N. K.; Singh, P. B.; Subedi, P.; Baral, H. S.; McGowan, P. J. K. 2009. Status of Galliformes in Pipar Pheasant Reserve and Santel, Annapurna, Nepal. International Journal of Galliformes Conservation 1: 49-55.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Tragopan satyra. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Satyr tragopan (Tragopan satyra) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Phasianidae (Grouse, pheasants and partridges)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size 6000-15000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 99,200 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species