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LC
Oilbird Steatornis caripensis

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status nomadic Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,040,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.5 - - -
Trend justification: This species is suspected to lose 15.7-16.6% of suitable habitat within its distribution over three generations (23 years) based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). It is therefore suspected to decline by <25% over three generations.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Bolivia Native Extant        
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Brazil Native Extant Yes      
Colombia Native Extant        
Costa Rica Vagrant Extant        
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Ecuador Native Extant        
Guyana Native Extant        
Panama Native Extant        
Peru Native Extant        
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant        
Venezuela Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bolivia Yungas Inferiores de Carrasco site factsheet
Colombia Cañón del Río Alicante site factsheet
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Cueva de los Guácharos site factsheet
Peru Parque Nacional Tingo María site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional El Guácharo (part of Cordillera de Caripe AZE) site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional El Tamá site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional Perijá (part of Serrania de Perija transboundary AZE) site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional Yurubí site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 3400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Fuel Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Steatornis caripensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Steatornithidae (Oilbird)
Species name author Humboldt, 1817
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,040,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species