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Ochre-bellied Boobook Ninox ochracea

Justification
This species is listed as Near Threatened because there are some indications that it has a moderately small population, and is undergoing a continuing decline owing to forest loss. However, little is currently known about the species's population size and structure, and the impact of threats, and further research is warranted.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Ninox ochracea is restricted to Sulawesi (but not the south peninsula), Indonesia, where it is generally uncommon (BirdLife International 2001).

Population justification
This species is generally uncommon throughout its range and hence, the population is not thought to be large. It is placed in the band 10,000-19,999 mature individuals, equating to 15,000-29,999 individuals in total, rounded here to 15,000-30,000 individuals. This preliminary estimate requires clarification.

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in decline owing to on-going forest clearance and degradation.

Ecology
It occurs in primary and tall secondary lowland forest, riverine and lower montane forest up to 1,000 m, with an assertion that it is chiefly a species of drier formations. It roosts in dense vegetation such as rattan palm by day.

Threats
Forest destruction, owing to logging and agricultural expansion, within its elevation range has been extensive in recent decades, and its population must have declined.

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II. The species has been recorded from several protected areas within its range. Conservation Actions Proposed
Assess the rate of forest loss on Sulawesi in recent years and evaluate the likely impact that this has had on the population. Determine the species's dependence on forest habitats. As a precaution, protect significant areas of suitable forest, in both strictly protected areas and community-led multiple use areas.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Bird, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Ninox ochracea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Strigidae (Typical Owls)
Species name author (Schlegel, 1865)
Population size 10000-19999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 96,400 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species