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Maned Owl Jubula lettii

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Identification
34-37cm. Medium-sized rufous-brown owl with elongated crown and nape feathers and bushy ear tufts. Facial disc boldly edged black. Rufous underparts becoming whitish on belly with a few large vertical streaks. Voice Described as a soft cooo, similar to that of Collared Dove (K. Hargreave in litt. 2007).

Distribution and population
Jubula lettii is known from 14 sites in Liberia (Nimba and Zwedru [Gatter 1997]), Côte d'Ivoire (Taï), Ghana (old record only), Cameroon (Korup, Mt Rata and Rumpi Hills, Mt Cameroon and Mokoko-Onge), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon (Gamba, Lopé and Ipassa), Republic of Congo (Dimonika and Lower Kouilou), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (Okapi Faunal Reserve, Itombwe). It is very poorly known, and although it is reported as very scarce and rare in parts of its range, its call is unknown and this may be leading to under-recording of the species. Further research is needed to establish its true range, population size and habitat preferences.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be rare in the west of its range and commoner in the east (del Hoyo et al. 1999).

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Ecology
It is thought to prefer tall closed-canopy rainforest, not semi-evergreen open-canopy forest (F. Dowsett-Lemaire and R. Dowsett in litt. 2005), and has never been recorded outside forest or forest clearings. A pair with full-grown young were observed in February at Mt Limba, Liberia; it apparently lays during March-May in the Democratic Republic of Congo; and fledglings have been observed in late December and January in Cameroon and Gabon (del Hoyo et al. 1999).

Threats
It is presumably at some risk from habitat loss through harvesting of timber.

Conservation Actions Underway
None is known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Confirm details of its voice to enable thorough surveys of lowland forest to take place. Study its true range, population size, habitat preferences and threats to sites where it is located. Conserve largest remaining areas of intact primary forest including in Gabon, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Cote d'Ivoire and Liberia (H. Rainey in litt. 2007).


References
del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1999. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 5: Barn-owls to Hummingbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Fishpool, L. D. C.; Evans, M. I. 2001. Important Bird Areas in Africa and associated islands: priority sites for conservation. Pisces Publications and BirdLife International, Newbury and Cambridge.

Gatter, W. 1997. Birds of Liberia. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Butchart, S., Ekstrom, J., Harding, M., Martin, R, Symes, A.

Contributors
Dowsett, R., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Rainey, H.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Jubula lettii. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Maned owl (Jubula lettii) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Data Deficient
Family Strigidae (Typical Owls)
Species name author (Büttikofer, 1889)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 570,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change