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Ural Owl Strix uralensis
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 12,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 350000-1200000 poor Estimated 2012
Population trend Stable Suspected -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 12.9 - - -
Population justification: The European population is estimated at 50,000-143,000 pairs, which equates to 99,900-286,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 25% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 396,000-1,140,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in part due to the provision of thousands of nest boxes in some areas to replace dead-wood habitat lost during forestry operations (del Hoyo et al. 1999). In Europe the population size is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant       Yes
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Finland Native Extant       Yes
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
Italy Native Extant Yes      
Japan Native Extant       Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
North Korea Native Extant Yes      
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Romania Native Extant       Yes
Russia Native Extant Yes     Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant       Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
South Korea Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Native Extant       Yes
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Sredna Gora site factsheet
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains site factsheet
Estonia Alam-Pedja site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa site factsheet
Japan Mount Taisetsu site factsheet
Latvia Mezole site factsheet
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine site factsheet
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs site factsheet
Latvia Ziemelgauja site factsheet
Lithuania Adutiskis & Guntauninkai forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Birzai forest site factsheet
Mongolia Gorkhi-Terelj National Park site factsheet
Mongolia Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area site factsheet
Mongolia Khangain Nuruu National Park site factsheet
Norway Reisa site factsheet
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains site factsheet
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains site factsheet
Poland Bieszczady Mountains site factsheet
Poland Gorce mountains site factsheet
Poland Niepolomice forest site factsheet
Poland Poprad Site site factsheet
Poland Przemysl Plateau site factsheet
Poland Radlow Forest site factsheet
Poland Roztocze site factsheet
Poland Slonne Mountains site factsheet
Poland Solska Forest site factsheet
Romania Baraolt Mountains - Bodoc site factsheet
Romania Cozia - Buila - Vânturariţa site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Nordice ale Munţilor Făgăraş site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Defileul Superior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Grădiştea Muncelului site factsheet
Romania Igniş Mountains - Creasta Cocoşului site factsheet
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain site factsheet
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului site factsheet
Romania Vrancea Mountains site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Sayanski canyon of the Enisey river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Baturino-Simansky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dresvyanskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of the Tuy river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Ilmensky zapovednik site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Korgonskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Ozersky pine forest site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Poyasovy Kamen' ridge site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Shapshal ridge site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Teletskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Tundyt mountain site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhne-Kondinsky zakaznik site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zaikovo forest site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'" site factsheet
Slovakia Čergov site factsheet
Slovakia Laborecka upland site factsheet
Slovakia Slanské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Vihorlat site factsheet
Slovakia Volovské hills site factsheet
Slovenia Kočevsko site factsheet
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley site factsheet
Sweden Färnebofjärden site factsheet
Sweden Florarna site factsheet
Sweden Sjöängen - Svartån site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland Suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens Suitable resident
Forest Boreal Major resident
Forest Temperate Suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands Suitable resident
Altitude 450 - 1600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases / Bubo bubo Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Strix uralensis. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Strigidae (Typical Owls)
Species name author Pallas, 1771
Population size 350000-1200000 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 12,100,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment