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Mantanani Scops-owl Otus mantananensis
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
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This species is listed as Near Threatened because there are some indications that its very small range is occupied by a moderately small, fragmented population which is undergoing a continuing decline owing to forest loss and degradation. However, little is currently known about the species's population size and structure, and the impact of threats, and its population is not regarded as severely fragmented or restricted to a few locations.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Otus mantanensis is endemic to the islets off Sabah (e.g. Mantani), Malaysia, and off Palawan (e.g. Rasa, Ursula) in the Philippines, as well as to islands in the Sulu archipelago and central Philippines (BirdLife International 2001). It is apparently common in suitable habitat. The total range size is very small.

Population justification
This species is poorly known, but is common on at least some of the islands where it occurs. Overally the population is assumed to be moderately small. It is placed in the band 10,000-19,999 individuals, equating to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in decline owing to on-going habitat destruction.

It is fairly common in coconut groves and other wooded habitats, although its total area of occupancy is small. It hunts at the forest edge or in clearings, feeding primarily on insects. Eggs are thought to be laid in March-May in a tree cavity.

It is confined to increasingly disturbed and degraded habitats within a small range.

Conservation Actions Underway
None are known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey known islands and ascertain its tolerance of habitat degradation. Assess the rate of habitat loss and area of suitable habitat remaining. Protect key sites within the range for this, and other Threatened and Near Threatened species.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015-4. Available at: (Accessed: 19 November 2015).

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Bird, J., Butchart, S. & Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S. & Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Otus mantananensis. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Mantanani scops-owl (Otus mantananensis) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Strigidae (Typical Owls)
Species name author (Sharpe, 1892)
Population size 6000-15000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species