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Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,470,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals U not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Stable Suspected -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.7 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be reasonably common in much of its range (del Hoyo et al. 1999). The European population is estimated at 50-250 pairs, which equates to 100-500 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). The European population is only a small proportion (1%) of the global population so extrapolating the European population figures to a global scale is not appropriate.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe the population size is estimated to be decreasing (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Egypt Native Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant       Yes
Jordan Native Extant   Yes    
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Qatar Vagrant Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes    
Syria Native Extant     Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Vagrant Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Iran, Islamic Republic of Deh Bakhri area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khabr-va-Rouchoon Wildlife Refuge site factsheet
Iraq Abu Habba site factsheet
Iraq Habbaniya Lake site factsheet
Israel Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands site factsheet
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains site factsheet
Jordan Zubia - Shatana site factsheet
Kazakhstan Ili River Delta site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zheltoranga site factsheet
Oman Jabal al Akhdar site factsheet
Oman Musandam (mainland) site factsheet
Syria Euphrates valley site factsheet
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul site factsheet
Tajikistan Kayrakkum Reservoir site factsheet
Tajikistan Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve site factsheet
Turkey Karkamış site factsheet
Turkey Southern Euphrates Valley and Birecik Plains site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garabil site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garachop site factsheet
Turkmenistan Muskinata site factsheet
Turkmenistan Nargyz site factsheet
Turkmenistan Repetek site factsheet
Turkmenistan Saryyazy site factsheet
Turkmenistan Tejen site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Digdaga - Hamraniyah site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Mushrif National Park site factsheet
Uzbekistan Dalverzin State Forestry and Hunting Management Area site factsheet
Uzbekistan Dzheiran Ecocentre site factsheet
Uzbekistan Khodzhaa-Davlet site factsheet
Uzbekistan Vardanzi site factsheet
Uzbekistan Zarafshan State Nature Reserve site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land Suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land Suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations Suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations Suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens Suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens Suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas Suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas Suitable breeding
Desert Hot Suitable breeding
Desert Hot Suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate Suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate Suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Species mortality


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Otus brucei. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Strigidae (Typical Owls)
Species name author (Hume, 1873)
Population size U mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,470,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment