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Mindanao Highland Scops-owl Otus mirus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
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This apparently rare species is restricted to montane forests at a few locations on Mindanao and is estimated to have a very small range. Although forests in its range have not been adversely impacted by logging to date, they may be threatened by future operations, and the species is consequently listed as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Otus mirus is endemic to Mindanao in the Philippines, where it has been recorded from Mt Hilong-hilong, Mt Apo, Mt Kitanglad and Lake Sebu (Collar et al. 1999). Although described as rare, this is a species of higher elevations and is probably not seriously threatened.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as apparently rare (Konig et al. 1999).

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in slow decline owing to on-going habitat destruction.

The species occurs in montane forests.

Forests within its altitudinal range have not been as severely affected by logging, mining operations and clearance for agriculture as forests at lower elevations.

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II. Conservation Actions Proposed
This species is poorly known and requires study before its status and threats can be accurately assessed. As a precaution, protect significant areas of suitable forest, in both strictly protected areas and community led multiple use areas.

Collar, N. J.; Mallari, N. A. D.; Tabaranza, B. R. J. 1999. Threatened birds of the Philippines: the Haribon Foundation/BirdLife International Red Data Book. Bookmark, Makati City.

König, C.; Weick, F.; Becking, J.-H. 1999. Owls: a guide to the owls of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, U.K.

König, C.; Weick, F.; Becking, J.-H. 1999. Owls: a guide to the owls of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, U.K.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Bird, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Otus mirus. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Mindanao scops-owl (Otus mirus) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Strigidae (Typical Owls)
Species name author Ripley & Rabor, 1968
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,700 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species