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Simeulue Scops-owl Otus umbra
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
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This species is listed as Near Threatened because, although it is very poorly known, there are some indications that its very small range supports a moderately small, fragmented population, which may be undergoing a continuing decline owing to forest degradation. Further information may indicate it is more threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Otus umbra is endemic to Simeulue Island, off north-west Sumatra, Indonesia (BirdLife International 2001). Reports as to its status differ, from rare, or possibly rare, to not uncommon.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as rather frequent (Konig et al. 1999).

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

This species favours forest edge and remnants, especially on coasts, as well as clove plantations.

Forest destruction in the Sundaic lowlands of Indonesia has been very extensive, but very few data on this phenomenon are available from Simeulue. The tolerance of secondary and edge habitats shown by this species renders it unlikely to be under immediate threat.

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II. Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct research on the species as it remains very poorly studied. Determine its status and abundance, and assess threats to the species. Consider other conservation actions subsequently. Protect significant areas of suitable forest, in both strictly protected areas and community led multiple use areas.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

König, C.; Weick, F.; Becking, J.-H. 1999. Owls: a guide to the owls of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, U.K.

König, C.; Weick, F.; Becking, J.-H. 1999. Owls: a guide to the owls of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, U.K.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Bird, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Otus umbra. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Strigidae (Typical Owls)
Species name author (Richmond, 1903)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,600 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species