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LC
Barn Owl Tyto alba

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 355 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 63,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 5000000 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.2 - - -
Trend justification: This species has had stable population trends over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007). Note, however, that these surveys cover less than 50% of the species's range in North America.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
American Samoa Native Extant Yes    
Andorra Native Extant      
Angola Native Extant      
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant      
Argentina Native Extant      
Australia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant      
Bahamas Native Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant      
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes    
Barbados Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Belize Native Extant      
Benin Native Extant      
Bermuda (to UK) Native Extant Yes    
Bolivia Native Extant      
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Botswana Native Extant      
Brazil Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Burundi Native Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant Yes    
Cameroon Native Extant      
Canada Native Extant      
Cape Verde Native Extant      
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
Chile Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Colombia Native Extant      
Comoros Native Extant      
Congo Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Costa Rica Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Cuba Native Extant      
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Dominican Republic Native Extant      
Ecuador Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
El Salvador Native Extant      
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Native Extant      
Fiji Native Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant   Yes  
France Native Extant      
French Guiana Native Extant      
Gabon Native Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant      
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant      
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant      
Guatemala Native Extant      
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Guyana Native Extant      
Honduras Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
India Native Extant Yes    
Indonesia Native Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant      
Ireland Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant Yes    
Italy Native Extant      
Jamaica Native Extant Yes    
Jordan Native Extant      
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant      
Laos Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant      
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant      
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Madagascar Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Malaysia Native Extant Yes    
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant Yes    
Martinique (to France) Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant      
Mexico Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant      
Monaco Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant      
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant Yes    
Namibia Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant Yes    
Netherlands Native Extant      
New Zealand Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Nicaragua Native Extant      
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Niue (to New Zealand) Native Extant Yes    
Norway Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Oman Native Extant      
Pakistan Native Extant Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant      
Panama Native Extant      
Papua New Guinea Native Extant Yes    
Paraguay Native Extant      
Peru Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant      
Romania Native Extant      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant      
Samoa Native Extant Yes    
San Marino Native Extant Yes    
São Tomé e Príncipe Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant      
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Seychelles Introduced Extant Yes    
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Singapore Native Extant Yes    
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant      
Solomon Islands Native Extant Yes    
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant      
Spain Native Extant      
Sri Lanka Native Extant Yes    
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant      
St Lucia Native Extant      
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Suriname Native Extant      
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Swaziland Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes    
Switzerland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant Yes    
Timor-Leste Native Extant      
Togo Native Extant      
Tonga Native Extant Yes    
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant      
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant      
United Kingdom Native Extant      
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant      
Uruguay Native Extant Yes    
USA Native Extant Yes    
Vanuatu Native Extant Yes    
Venezuela Native Extant      
Vietnam Native Extant Yes    
Wallis and Futuna Islands (to France) Native Extant Yes    
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant      
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Greece Thessaly plain site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Spain Mountains of Barcelona site factsheet
Switzerland Lowlands of Zurich and lower valley of the river Thur site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas marginal resident
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist marginal resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands marginal resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 4000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Handicrafts, jewellery, decorations, curios Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Tyto alba. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Tytonidae (Barn owls)
Species name author (Scopoli, 1769)
Population size 5000000 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 63,300,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions