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Common Barn-owl Tyto alba

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 355 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 63,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 5000000 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.2 - - -
Trend justification: This species has had stable population trends over the last 40 years in North America (data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007). Note, however, that these surveys cover less than 50% of the species's range in North America.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant       Yes
American Samoa Native Extant Yes      
Andorra Native Extant       Yes
Angola Native Extant       Yes
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant       Yes
Argentina Native Extant       Yes
Australia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Bahamas Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Native Extant       Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes      
Barbados Native Extant       Yes
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Belize Native Extant       Yes
Benin Native Extant       Yes
Bermuda (to UK) Native Extant Yes      
Bolivia Native Extant       Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant       Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Botswana Native Extant       Yes
Brazil Native Extant       Yes
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant       Yes
Burundi Native Extant       Yes
Cambodia Native Extant Yes      
Cameroon Native Extant       Yes
Canada Native Extant       Yes
Cape Verde Native Extant       Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Central African Republic Native Extant       Yes
Chad Native Extant       Yes
Chile Native Extant       Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Colombia Native Extant       Yes
Comoros Native Extant       Yes
Congo Native Extant       Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant       Yes
Costa Rica Native Extant       Yes
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant       Yes
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cuba Native Extant       Yes
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Dominican Republic Native Extant       Yes
Ecuador Native Extant       Yes
Egypt Native Extant       Yes
El Salvador Native Extant       Yes
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant       Yes
Eritrea Native Extant       Yes
Estonia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant       Yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Native Extant       Yes
Fiji Native Extant       Yes
Finland Vagrant Extant   Yes    
France Native Extant       Yes
French Guiana Native Extant       Yes
Gabon Native Extant       Yes
Gambia Native Extant       Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant       Yes
Ghana Native Extant       Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant       Yes
Guatemala Native Extant       Yes
Guinea Native Extant       Yes
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant       Yes
Guyana Native Extant       Yes
Honduras Native Extant       Yes
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant Yes      
Indonesia Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Jamaica Native Extant Yes      
Jordan Native Extant       Yes
Kenya Native Extant       Yes
Kuwait Native Extant       Yes
Laos Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant       Yes
Lesotho Native Extant       Yes
Liberia Native Extant       Yes
Libya Native Extant       Yes
Liechtenstein Native Extant       Yes
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Madagascar Native Extant       Yes
Malawi Native Extant       Yes
Malaysia Native Extant Yes      
Mali Native Extant       Yes
Malta Native Extant Yes      
Martinique (to France) Native Extant       Yes
Mauritania Native Extant       Yes
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant       Yes
Mexico Native Extant       Yes
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Monaco Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Morocco Native Extant       Yes
Mozambique Native Extant       Yes
Myanmar Native Extant Yes      
Namibia Native Extant       Yes
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
New Zealand Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Nicaragua Native Extant       Yes
Niger Native Extant       Yes
Nigeria Native Extant       Yes
Niue (to New Zealand) Native Extant Yes      
Norway Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Oman Native Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant       Yes
Panama Native Extant       Yes
Papua New Guinea Native Extant Yes      
Paraguay Native Extant       Yes
Peru Native Extant       Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant       Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Rwanda Native Extant       Yes
Samoa Native Extant Yes      
San Marino Native Extant Yes      
São Tomé e Príncipe Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant       Yes
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Introduced Extant Yes      
Sierra Leone Native Extant       Yes
Singapore Native Extant Yes      
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant       Yes
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Solomon Islands Native Extant Yes      
Somalia Native Extant       Yes
South Africa Native Extant       Yes
South Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant Yes      
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant       Yes
St Lucia Native Extant       Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant       Yes
Sudan Native Extant        
Suriname Native Extant       Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Swaziland Native Extant       Yes
Sweden Native Extant Yes      
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tanzania Native Extant       Yes
Thailand Native Extant Yes      
Timor-Leste Native Extant       Yes
Togo Native Extant       Yes
Tonga Native Extant Yes      
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant       Yes
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Uganda Native Extant       Yes
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant        
Uruguay Native Extant Yes      
USA Native Extant Yes      
Vanuatu Native Extant Yes      
Venezuela Native Extant       Yes
Vietnam Native Extant Yes      
Wallis and Futuna Islands (to France) Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant       Yes
Zambia Native Extant       Yes
Zimbabwe Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Greece Thessaly plain site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Spain Mountains of Barcelona site factsheet
Switzerland Lowlands of Zurich and lower valley of the river Thur site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas marginal resident
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist marginal resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands marginal resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 4000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Handicrafts, jewellery, decorations, curios Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Tyto alba. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Tytonidae (Barn-owls)
Species name author (Scopoli, 1769)
Population size 5000000 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 63,300,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change