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LC
Tourmaline Sunangel Heliangelus exortis

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 64,100 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 0
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'common' (Stotz et al. (1996).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Colombia Native Extant     Yes
Ecuador Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Colombia Alto Quindío site factsheet
Colombia Bosques de la Falla del Tequendama site factsheet
Colombia Bosques del Oriente de Risaralda site factsheet
Colombia Bosques Montanos del Sur de Antioquia site factsheet
Colombia Cuenca del Río Toche site factsheet
Colombia Lagunas Bombona y Vancouver site factsheet
Colombia Munchique Natural National Park (Parque Nacional Natural Munchique IBA) site factsheet
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Tatamá site factsheet
Colombia Parque Natural Regional Páramo del Duende site factsheet
Colombia Puracé (Parque Nacional Natural Puracé IBA) site factsheet
Colombia Reserva Hidrográfica, Forestal y Parque Ecológico de Río Blanco site factsheet
Colombia Reserva Natural Ibanasca site factsheet
Colombia Reserva Natural Tambito site factsheet
Colombia Reservas Comunitarias de Roncesvalles (part of Loros Andinos Natural Reserve AZE) site factsheet
Colombia Serranía de los Churumbelos site factsheet
Colombia Serranía de los Paraguas site factsheet
Ecuador Bosque Protector Colambo-Yacuri site factsheet
Ecuador Cordillera de Huacamayos-San Isidro-Sierra Azul site factsheet
Ecuador Cordillera del Cóndor site factsheet
Ecuador Montañas de Zapote-Najda site factsheet
Ecuador Parque Nacional Llanganates site factsheet
Ecuador Parque Nacional Podocarpus site factsheet
Ecuador Parque Nacional Sangay site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Altitude 1500 - 3400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Heliangelus exortis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
Species name author (Fraser, 1840)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 64,100 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species