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Common Quail Coturnix coturnix

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 16,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 16,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 2,800,000-4,700,000 breeding pairs, equating to 8,400,000-14,100,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 5-24% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 35,000,000-300,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: This species is declining owing to netting of migrating birds. Local declines may be caused by changing agricultural practices, especially increased use of pesticides (del Hoyo et al. 1994).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Albania Native Extant      
Algeria Native Extant      
Andorra Native Extant Yes    
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant     Yes
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes    
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Native Extant Yes    
Benin Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Botswana Vagrant Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Cameroon Vagrant Extant      
Cape Verde Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Comoros Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant Yes    
Finland Native Extant Yes    
France Native Extant Yes    
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Germany Native Extant Yes    
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant Yes    
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
India Native Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes
Ireland Native Extant Yes    
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes
Jordan Native Extant     Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant Yes   Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes    
Lithuania Native Extant Yes    
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes    
Madagascar Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant Yes    
Mauritania Native Extant      
Mauritius Introduced Extant      
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant Yes    
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant Yes    
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant     Yes
Réunion (to France) Introduced Extant      
Romania Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Rwanda Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Seychelles Vagrant Extant      
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Somalia Vagrant Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant      
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes    
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tanzania Native Extant      
Togo Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Palakaria site factsheet
Bulgaria Ponor site factsheet
Bulgaria Rayanovtsi site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Zlatiata site factsheet
Russia (European) Bryansko-Zhizdrinskoye woodland site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Algashka river site factsheet
Russia (European) Insaro-Kovylkinski site factsheet
Serbia Vlasina site factsheet
Ukraine Chonovyny marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Latorytsya river valley near Chop site factsheet
Ukraine Psel river valley (Sary village) site factsheet
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Coturnix coturnix. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Phasianidae (Grouse, pheasants and partridges)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 16,200,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions