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Common Quail Coturnix coturnix

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 16,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 16,200,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 2,800,000-4,700,000 breeding pairs, equating to 8,400,000-14,100,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 5-24% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 35,000,000-300,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: This species is declining owing to netting of migrating birds. Local declines may be caused by changing agricultural practices, especially increased use of pesticides (del Hoyo et al. 1994).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Algeria Native Extant        
Andorra Native Extant Yes      
Angola Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant     Yes Yes
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes      
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Native Extant Yes      
Benin Native Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant Yes      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Botswana Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Cameroon Vagrant Extant        
Cape Verde Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Comoros Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant Yes      
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant Yes      
Finland Native Extant Yes      
France Native Extant Yes      
Gambia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Ghana Native Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant Yes      
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Ireland Native Extant Yes      
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes Yes
Lesotho Native Extant        
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Madagascar Native Extant        
Malawi Native Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant Yes      
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mauritius Introduced Extant        
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant Yes      
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes  
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Réunion (to France) Introduced Extant        
Romania Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Rwanda Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
Somalia Vagrant Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Native Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes      
Switzerland Native Extant Yes      
Syria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant        
Togo Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Palakaria site factsheet
Bulgaria Ponor site factsheet
Bulgaria Rayanovtsi site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Zlatiata site factsheet
Russia (European) Bryansko-Zhizdrinskoye woodland site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Algashka river site factsheet
Russia (European) Insaro-Kovylkinski site factsheet
Serbia Vlasina site factsheet
Ukraine Chonovyny marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Latorytsya river valley near Chop site factsheet
Ukraine Psel river valley (Sary village) site factsheet
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Coturnix coturnix. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 16,200,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change