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VU
Black Partridge Melanoperdix niger

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable A2c+3c+4c 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type shelf island
continent
Average mass 280 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,100,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000-19999 poor Estimated 2001
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -
Population justification: The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall into the band 10,000-19,999 mature individuals. This equates to 15,000-29,999 individuals in total, rounded here to 15,000-30,000 individuals.
Trend justification: Rates of forest loss in the Sundaic lowlands have been extremely rapid (Kalimantan lost nearly 25% of its evergreen forest during 1985-1997, and Sumatra lost almost 30% of its 1985 cover, exacerbated by forest fires in 1997-1998). This rate of deforestation is suspected to have driven a rapid population decline in this species, which is probably continuing.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Brunei Native Extant       Yes
Indonesia Native Extant Yes      
Malaysia Native Extant Yes      
Singapore Native Extinct        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Brunei Belait Swamp Forest site factsheet
Brunei Southern Ladan Hills site factsheet
Indonesia Berbak site factsheet
Indonesia Bukit Tigapuluh site factsheet
Indonesia Danau Sentarum site factsheet
Indonesia Gunung Palung site factsheet
Indonesia Kayan Mentarang site factsheet
Indonesia Tanjung Puting site factsheet
Indonesia Ulu Barito site factsheet
Malaysia Dulit Range site factsheet
Malaysia Hulu Gombak-Sungai Lalang forest site factsheet
Malaysia Kelabit Highlands site factsheet
Malaysia Krau Wildlife Reserve site factsheet
Malaysia Mount Kinabalu site factsheet
Malaysia Mulu - Buda Protected Area site factsheet
Malaysia Taman Negara National Park site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 0 - 1200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Trend Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Melanoperdix niger. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Species name author (Vigors, 1829)
Population size 10000-19999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,100,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species