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Koepcke's Hermit Phaethornis koepckeae

Justification
This species is thought to have a moderately small, declining population owing to habitat loss. It is consequently classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.

Distribution and population
Phaethornis koepckeae is locally common, but very patchily distributed on outlying ridges near the east slope of the Andes in Peru (Amazonas, San Martín, Huánuco and Madre de Dios) (Parker et al. 1982, Sibley and Monroe 1990, Parker et al. 1996, Schulenberg et al. 2007).

Population justification
The population is preliminarily estimated to number 10,000-19,999 individuals. This equates to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals. The estimate requries confirmation.

Trend justification
This species is suspected to lose 10.6-10.8% of suitable habitat within its distribution over three generations (12 years) based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). It is therefore suspected to decline by <25% over three generations.

Ecology
It is found in the understorey of lowland and montane evergreen forest at 450-1,300 m, and at Hacienda Amazonia frequents Heliconia patches (Sibley and Monroe 1990, Parker et al. 1996, Clements and Shany 2001, Schulenberg et al. 2007). It is rarely recorded in second growth.

Threats
It is threatened by rapid deforestation within its elevational range. Habitat in the Marañón drainage has been progressively deteriorating under cultivation for many years (Dinerstein et al. 1995), while the spread of oil palm plantations, cattle ranching and logging are all serious threats (Dinerstein et al. 1995).


Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II. Conservation Actions Proposed
Effectively protect and manage core areas of remaining habitat. Monitor population at strongholds and search for the species in potentially suitable habitat at new sites. Study its ecology and its ability to persist in degraded and fragmented habitats. Attempt to obtain an accurate estimate of its population size and trends. Quantify extent of habitat losses.

References
Clements, J. F.; Shany, N. 2001. A field guide to the birds of Peru. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Dinerstein, E.; Olson, D. M.; Graham, D. J.; Webster, A. L.; Primm, S. A.; Bookbinder, M. P.; Ledec, G. 1995. A conservation assesssment of the terrestrial ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Parker, T. A.; Parker, S. A.; Plenge, M. A. 1982. An annotated checklist of Peruvian birds. Buteo Books, Vermillion, South Dakota.

Parker, T. A.; Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. In: Stotz, D.F.; Fitzpatrick, J.W.; Parker, T.A.; Moskovits, D.K. (ed.), Neotropical bird ecology and conservation, pp. 113-436. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Schulenberg, T. S.; Stotz, D. F. ; Lane, D. F.; O'Neill, J. P.; Parker III, T. A. 2007. Birds of Peru. Prnceton University Press, Prnceton, NJ, USA.

Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Capper, D., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Phaethornis koepckeae. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
Species name author Weske & Terborgh, 1977
Population size 6000-15000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 113,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species