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Vinaceous-breasted Amazon Amazona vinacea

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered C2a(i) 
Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd;C2a(i) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Endangered
2012 Endangered
2009 Endangered
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Endangered
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status nomadic Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass 254 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 106,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 600-1700 good Estimated 2007
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 50-249 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 12.3 - - -
Population justification: Based on estimates of 1,500-2,000 individuals in Brazil (G. Bencke in litt. 2009), 220-400 in Paraguay and 253 in Argentina (K. Cockle in litt. 2009), the total population is believed to lie within the range 1,970-2,650 individuals and is placed precautionarily within the band 1,000-2,499. This equates to 667-1,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 600-1,700 mature individuals.
Trend justification: A rapid and on-going population decline is suspected owing to illegal nest poaching, habitat destruction and persecution as a crop pest.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina Native Extant Yes    
Brazil Native Extant Yes    
Paraguay Native Extant Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Alta cuenca del arroyo Alegría site factsheet
Argentina Campo Viera y Campo Ramón site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Iguazú y alrededores site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Cruce Caballero site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Piñalito y alrededores site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Uruzú y Reserva Forestal San Jorge site factsheet
Argentina San Antonio site factsheet
Argentina San Pedro site factsheet
Brazil Campos de Cima da Serra site factsheet
Brazil Campos do Planalto das Araucárias site factsheet
Brazil Campos Gerais do Paraná site factsheet
Brazil Caratinga site factsheet
Brazil Complexo Pedra Azul / Forno Grande site factsheet
Brazil General Carneiro site factsheet
Brazil Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia site factsheet
Brazil Laranjal / Miracema site factsheet
Brazil Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba site factsheet
Brazil Painel / Urupema site factsheet
Brazil Parque Estadual da Serra do Brigadeiro site factsheet
Brazil Parque Estadual da Serra do Papagaio site factsheet
Brazil Parque Estadual das Lauráceas e Entorno site factsheet
Brazil Parque Estadual do Rio Doce site factsheet
Brazil Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina site factsheet
Brazil Parque Nacional de Monte Pascoal site factsheet
Brazil Parque Nacional de São Joaquim site factsheet
Brazil Parque Nacional do Caparaó site factsheet
Brazil Parque Nacional do Iguaçu site factsheet
Brazil Região dos Aparados da Serra site factsheet
Brazil São Francisco Xavier / Monte Verde site factsheet
Brazil Serra da Cantareira site factsheet
Brazil Serra da Mantiqueira site factsheet
Brazil Serra do Tabuleiro State Park (Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro IBA) site factsheet
Paraguay Bosque Mbaracayú site factsheet
Paraguay Estancia Itabó site factsheet
Paraguay Limoy site factsheet
Paraguay Morombi site factsheet
Paraguay Parque Nacional San Rafael site factsheet
Paraguay Refugio Carapá site factsheet
Paraguay Reserva Itabó - Itaipú site factsheet
Paraguay Ypeti site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact:
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Past Impact
Stresses
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Past Impact
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Wearing apparel, accessories Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Amazona vinacea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Psittacidae (Parrots)
Species name author (Kuhl, 1820)
Population size 600-1700 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 106,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species