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Tucuman Amazon Amazona tucumana

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2011 Vulnerable
2008 Near Threatened
2005 Near Threatened
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 69,200 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6000-15000 medium Estimated 2010
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 12.3 - - -
Population justification: A recent study of the status and distribution of the species in Argentina recorded 6,015 individuals, and estimated the Argentinean population to be approximately 10,000 birds (L. Rivera in litt. 2004). In addition, 1,643 individuals were recorded at various sites in Bolivia during another recent study. The total population is thus placed in the band 10,000-19,999 individuals (L. Rivera in litt. 2012). This is equivalent to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: Survey results, observations on habitat loss and the species's local occurrence, and data on capture and trade strongly suggest that its population is undergoing a rapid population decline (L. Rivera in litt. 2011).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Argentina Native Extant       Yes
Bolivia Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Abra Grande site factsheet
Argentina Acambuco site factsheet
Argentina Alto Calilegua site factsheet
Argentina Cerro Negro de San Antonio site factsheet
Argentina Cuesta de las Higuerillas site factsheet
Argentina Cuesta del Clavillo site factsheet
Argentina Cuesta del Obispo site factsheet
Argentina El Fuerte y Santa Clara site factsheet
Argentina Finca Las Costas/Cordón Lesser site factsheet
Argentina Fincas Santiago y San Andrés site factsheet
Argentina La Cornisa site factsheet
Argentina Lagunas San Miguel y El Sauce site factsheet
Argentina Lotes 32 y 33, Maíz Gordo site factsheet
Argentina Palomitas y Ebro site factsheet
Argentina Pampichuela site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Baritú site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Calilegua site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Campo de los Alisos site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional El Rey site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial La Florida site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Laguna Pintascayoc site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Los Ñuñorcos y Reserva Natural Quebrada del Portugués site factsheet
Argentina Quebrada del Toro site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Natural Las Lancitas site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Provincial Santa Ana site factsheet
Argentina Río Los Sosa site factsheet
Argentina Río Santa María site factsheet
Argentina San Francisco-Río Jordan site factsheet
Argentina Santa Victoria, Cañani y Cayotal site factsheet
Argentina Sierra de Ambato site factsheet
Argentina Sierra de San Javier site factsheet
Argentina Sierra de Zapla site factsheet
Argentina Sierra Rosario de la Frontera site factsheet
Argentina Sierras de Puesto Viejo site factsheet
Argentina Tiraxi y Las Capillas site factsheet
Argentina Trancas site factsheet
Argentina Yala site factsheet
Bolivia Reserva Nacional de Flora y Fauna Tariquía site factsheet
Bolivia Serranía de Aguarague site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major breeding
Altitude 1600 - 2600 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 1000 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Shifting agriculture Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Amazona tucumana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Psittacidae (Parrots)
Species name author (Cabanis, 1885)
Population size 6000-15000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 69,200 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species