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Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) B1ab(iii,v);C1+2a(i) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass 242.3 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 17,600 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 12.3 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon to fairly common' (Stotz et al. 1996).
Trend justification: There are no new data on population trends, but the species is suspected to be declining slowly, owing mainly to the capture of nestlings for the local cage-bird trade.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Bahamas Native Extant       Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Cuba Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bahamas Great Inagua site factsheet
Bahamas Southern Abaco site factsheet
Cayman Islands (to UK) Bluff Forest site factsheet
Cayman Islands (to UK) Botanic Park and Salina Reserve site factsheet
Cayman Islands (to UK) Central Mangrove Wetland site factsheet
Cayman Islands (to UK) Eastern Dry Forest site factsheet
Cayman Islands (to UK) Frank Sound Forest site factsheet
Cayman Islands (to UK) Franklin's Forest site factsheet
Cayman Islands (to UK) Mastic Reserve site factsheet
Cuba Alejandro de Humboldt site factsheet
Cuba Alturas de Banao site factsheet
Cuba Cienaga de Lanier y Sur de la Isla de la Juventud site factsheet
Cuba Ciénaga de Zapata site factsheet
Cuba Desembarco del Granma site factsheet
Cuba Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila site factsheet
Cuba Guanahacabibes site factsheet
Cuba La Mensura site factsheet
Cuba Limones - Tuabaquey site factsheet
Cuba Mil Cumbres site factsheet
Cuba Pico Cristal site factsheet
Cuba Sierra del Chorrillo site factsheet
Cuba Topes de Collantes site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Storms & flooding Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Amazona leucocephala. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Psittacidae (Parrots)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 17,600 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species