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Ring-necked Francolin Francolinus streptophorus

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd;C1 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2007 Near Threatened
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 216,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6000-15000 poor Suspected 2007
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -
Population justification: The global population has not been quantified, but given the paucity of recent records it is thought to be moderately small. It is placed in the band 10,000-19,999 individuals, equating to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The species was previously described as common to abundant; however, recently there have been very few records, suggesting a moderately rapid decline.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Burundi Native Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Kenya Native Extant      
Rwanda Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Uganda Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Burundi Ruvubu National Park site factsheet
Burundi Rwihinda Lake Managed Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kenya Mount Elgon (Kenya) site factsheet
Rwanda Akagera National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Burigi - Biharamulo Game Reserves site factsheet
Tanzania Kagera swamps site factsheet
Uganda Kidepo Valley National Park site factsheet
Uganda Murchison Falls National Park site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 600 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Francolinus streptophorus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Phasianidae (Grouse, pheasants and partridges)
Species name author Ogilvie-Grant, 1891
Population size 6000-15000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 216,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions