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VU
Military Macaw Ara militaris

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Vulnerable
2012 Vulnerable
2011 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 276,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6000-15000 poor Estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-5000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 12.7 - - -
Population justification: The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall into the band 10,000-19,999 individuals. This equates to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: This species is suspected to be declining due to continued habitat loss and capture for domestic trade.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina Native Extant Yes    
Bolivia Native Extant Yes    
Colombia Native Extant Yes    
Ecuador Native Extant Yes    
Mexico Native Extant Yes    
Peru Native Extant Yes    
Venezuela Native Extant Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Itiyuro-Tuyunti site factsheet
Argentina Río Seco site factsheet
Bolivia Serranía de Aguarague site factsheet
Bolivia Yungas Inferiores de Amboró site factsheet
Bolivia Yungas Inferiores de Carrasco site factsheet
Bolivia Yungas Inferiores de Madidi site factsheet
Bolivia Yungas Superiores de Apolobamba site factsheet
Colombia Cerro Pintado (part of Serranía de Perijá transboundary AZE) site factsheet
Colombia Cuchilla de San Lorenzo site factsheet
Colombia Eco-parque Los Besotes site factsheet
Colombia Jardín de las Delicias site factsheet
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Cueva de los Guácharos site factsheet
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Las Orquídeas site factsheet
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Macuira site factsheet
Colombia Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona site factsheet
Colombia Reserva El Oso site factsheet
Colombia Serranía de los Churumbelos site factsheet
Colombia Valle de San Salvador site factsheet
Colombia Valle del Río Frío site factsheet
Ecuador Cordillera de Huacamayos-San Isidro-Sierra Azul site factsheet
Ecuador Cordillera de Kutukú site factsheet
Ecuador Parque Nacional Sangay site factsheet
Ecuador Parque Nacional Sumaco-Napo Galeras site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca site factsheet
Ecuador Reserva Ecológica Cofán-Bermejo site factsheet
Peru Abra Patricia - Alto Mayo site factsheet
Peru Alto Mayo site factsheet
Peru Cordillera de Colán site factsheet
Peru Manu site factsheet
Peru Moyobamba site factsheet
Peru Sur de la Cordillera de Colán site factsheet
Venezuela Henri Pittier National Park (Parque Nacional Henri Pittier IBA) site factsheet
Venezuela Morrocoy National Park (Parque Nacional Morrocoy IBA) site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional El Ávila site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional Guatopo site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional Perijá (part of Serrania de Perija transboundary AZE) site factsheet
Venezuela Refugio de Fauna Silvestre Cuare site factsheet
Venezuela Zona Protectora San Rafael de Guasare site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 0 - 3100 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact:
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Large dams Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Negligible declines No/Negligible I
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Tourism & recreation areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Transportation & service corridors Roads & railroads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Ara militaris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Psittacidae (Parrots)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size 6000-15000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 276,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species