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Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered A2cd 
Vulnerable A2cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Endangered
2012 Endangered
2008 Endangered
2004 Endangered
2000 Endangered
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 539,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 4300 medium Estimated 2003
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-10000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 15 - - -
Population justification: Anon (2004) estimated 6,500 individuals (equivalent to 4,300 mature individuals) in 2003, of which 5,000 were in the Pantanal.
Trend justification: A very rapid population decline is suspected to have taken place over the last three generations (45 years), on the basis of large scale illegal trade, habitat loss and hunting. The largest remaining population, in the Pantanal, has undergone a recovery since the 1990s, but the overall rate of decline over three generations is still suspected to have been very rapid.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bolivia Native Extant      
Brazil Native Extant      
Paraguay Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bolivia Área Natural de Manejo Integrado San Matías site factsheet
Bolivia Noel Kempff Mercado site factsheet
Brazil Baixo Rio Xingu site factsheet
Brazil Caceres site factsheet
Brazil Cerrados do Nordeste de Tocantins site factsheet
Brazil Cristalino / Serra do Cachimbo site factsheet
Brazil Estação Ecológica de Uruçuí-Una site factsheet
Brazil Estação Ecológica Serra das Araras site factsheet
Brazil Interflúvio dos Rios Tocantins e Paranã site factsheet
Brazil Jalapão site factsheet
Brazil Jamanxim / Altamira site factsheet
Brazil Lizarda site factsheet
Brazil Maciço do Urucum e Adjacências site factsheet
Brazil Nascentes do Rio Parnaíba site factsheet
Brazil Nhumirim site factsheet
Brazil Novo Progresso site factsheet
Brazil Pantanal de Nabileque site factsheet
Brazil Parque Nacional da Serra da Bodoquena e Entorno site factsheet
Brazil Parque Nacional das Emas site factsheet
Brazil Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural SESC Pantanal e Entorno site factsheet
Brazil Rios Negro e Aquidauana site factsheet
Brazil Serra do Gado Bravo e entorno site factsheet
Brazil Serra dos Carajás site factsheet
Brazil Terra Ronca site factsheet
Paraguay Arroyo Tagatiya site factsheet
Paraguay Cerrados de Concepción site factsheet
Paraguay Estancia Estrella site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Swamp major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Swamp major non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Savanna Dry major breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Savanna Moist major breeding
Savanna Moist major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Agro-industry grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Rapid Declines High Impact: 8
Stresses
Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Wearing apparel, accessories Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Psittacidae (Parrots)
Species name author (Latham, 1790)
Population size 4300 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 539,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species