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Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 7,910,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.6 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be common to abundant throughout its natural range (del Hoyo et al. 1997), while the population in Japan has been estimated at c.100-10,000 introduced breeding pairs (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing as ongoing habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Austria Introduced Extinct       Yes
Bahrain Introduced Extant       Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Introduced Extant Yes      
Benin Native Extant       Yes
Bhutan Native Extant       Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant       Yes
Cameroon Native Extant       Yes
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Central African Republic Native Extant       Yes
Chad Native Extant       Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant       Yes
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant       Yes
Cuba Introduced Extant       Yes
Djibouti Native Extant       Yes
Egypt Native Extant       Yes
Eritrea Native Extant       Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant       Yes
Gambia Native Extant       Yes
Germany Introduced Extant Yes      
Ghana Native Extant       Yes
Guinea Native Extant       Yes
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant       Yes
Hong Kong (China) Introduced Extant Yes      
India Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Introduced Extant       Yes
Iraq Introduced Extant       Yes
Israel Introduced Extant Yes      
Italy Introduced Extant Yes      
Japan Introduced Extant Yes      
Jordan Introduced Extant       Yes
Kenya Introduced Extant Yes      
Kuwait Introduced Extant       Yes
Lebanon Introduced Extant       Yes
Liberia Native Extant       Yes
Macao (China) Introduced Extant       Yes
Maldives Introduced Extant Yes      
Mali Native Extant       Yes
Mauritania Native Extant       Yes
Mauritius Introduced Extant Yes      
Myanmar Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Introduced Extant Yes      
Niger Native Extant       Yes
Nigeria Native Extant       Yes
Oman Introduced Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Introduced Extant Yes      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Introduced Extant       Yes
Qatar Introduced Extant       Yes
Saudi Arabia Introduced Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant       Yes
Sierra Leone Native Extant       Yes
Singapore Introduced Extant Yes      
Slovenia Introduced Extant Yes      
Somalia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
South Africa Introduced Extant Yes      
South Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Spain Introduced Extant Yes      
Sri Lanka Native Extant Yes      
Sudan Native Extant        
Syria Introduced Extant       Yes
Togo Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Introduced Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Introduced Extant       Yes
United Kingdom Introduced Extant       Yes
USA Introduced Extant Yes      
Venezuela Introduced Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Introduced Extant   Yes    

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Psittacula krameri. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Psittacidae (Parrots)
Species name author (Scopoli, 1769)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 7,910,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change