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Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable  

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Vulnerable
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 183,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000-19999 poor Estimated 0
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -
Population justification: The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall into the band 10,000-19,999 mature individuals. This equates to 15,000-29,999 individuals in total, rounded here to 15,000-30,000 individuals.
Trend justification: The species is suspected to be in rapid decline owing to the on-going and rapid conversion and drainage of wet grassland habitats and the intensification of agricultural practice.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes      
India Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
India Barail Range site factsheet
India Bordoibam-Bilmukh Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Bordoloni - Sampora site factsheet
India Buxa Tiger Reserve (National Park) site factsheet
India D'Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Deobali Jalah, Sialmari, Haibargaon, Khutikatia (Nagaon) site factsheet
India Dibang Reserve Forest and adjacent areas site factsheet
India Dibru - Saikhowa Complex site factsheet
India Dudhwa National Park site factsheet
India Gorumara National Park site factsheet
India Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Innerline, Katakal and Barak Reserve Forests site factsheet
India Jamjing and Sengajan site factsheet
India Jhanjimukh - Kokilamukh site factsheet
India Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and Girijapur Barrage site factsheet
India Kaziranga National Park site factsheet
India Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Lagga - Bagga Reserve Forest site factsheet
India Laokhowa and Burhachapori Sanctuaries site factsheet
India Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Majuli site factsheet
India Manas National Park site factsheet
India Nameri National Park site factsheet
India Orang National Park site factsheet
India Pabho Reserve Forest site factsheet
India Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Pani-Dihing Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Ripu and Chirang Reserve Forests site factsheet
India Sohagibarwa Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Soheldev Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Son Beel site factsheet
India Sonai-Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Subansiri site factsheet
India Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve (National Park) site factsheet
India The Chapories of Lohit Reserve site factsheet
India Valmiki Tiger Reserve and Saraiyaman Lake site factsheet
Nepal Bardia National Park site factsheet
Nepal Chitwan National Park site factsheet
Nepal Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage site factsheet
Nepal Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major resident
Altitude 0 - 350 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Gathering terrestrial plants / Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
None
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Francolinus gularis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Species name author (Temminck, 1815)
Population size 10000-19999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 183,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species