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VU
Horned Parakeet Eunymphicus cornutus

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable B1ab(ii,iii,v);C2a(ii) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Vulnerable
2012 Vulnerable
2009 Vulnerable
2008 Endangered
2004 Endangered
2000 Endangered
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 690 medium
Number of locations 6-10 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 5300-6000 good Estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Largest subpopulation 5300-6000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.6 - - -
Population justification: Legault et al. (in press) estimated the population to number c.8,000-9,000 individuals, equivalent to 5,333-6,000 mature individuals, rounded here to 5,300-6,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: It is suspected to have undergone a slow decline over the past three generations (20 years) owing to habitat degradation and perhaps also predation by invasive species.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
New Caledonia (to France) Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
New Caledonia (to France) Aoupinié site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Boulinda site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Bwa Opana site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Entre les monts Nakada et Do site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Entre les monts Rembaï et Canala site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Entre Table Unio et Farino site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Forêt Plate site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Goro Até et haute vallée de la rivière Tchamba site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Goro Jé et haute vallée de la rivière Amoa site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Hautes vallées des rivières Néaoua, Koua et Kouaoua site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Massif des Lèvres site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Massif du Mé Kanin, Sphinx et Arago site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Massif du Panié site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Massifs du Grand Sud - entre le mont Humboldt et la rivière Bleue site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Mé Maoya site factsheet
New Caledonia (to France) Prokoméo site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Savanna Moist major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Black Rat (Rattus rattus) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Javan Rusa (Rusa timorensis) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Unspecified rats (Rattus spp.) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Viral/prion-induced diseases / Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease (PBFB) (Circoviridae) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Unknown Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Eunymphicus cornutus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Psittacidae (Parrots)
Species name author (Gmelin, 1788)
Population size 5300-6000 mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 690 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species