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Philippine Cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered A2bcd 
Endangered A2bcd; C1; D1 
Vulnerable A2bcd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Critically Endangered
2012 Critically Endangered
2009 Critically Endangered
2008 Critically Endangered
2004 Critically Endangered
2000 Critically Endangered
1996 Critically Endangered
1994 Critically Endangered
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type shelf island
Average mass 288 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 22,700 medium
Area of Occupancy breeding/resident (km2) 600 medium
Area of Occupancy non-breeding (km2) 300 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 370-770 medium Estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing medium -
Number of subpopulations 4 - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 13 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 370-770 mature individuals, roughly equivalent to 550-1,200 individuals in total (P. Widmann in litt. 2012).
Trend justification: This long-lived species has declined extremely rapidly owing to extensive deforestation within its range, but also as a result of the high prices the birds fetch in trade (c.$300 in Manila). This also resulted in near-total harvest of nestlings and consequently recruitment was extremely low. It is expected that the rate of decline will slow down in the future since many populations in the oceanic Philippines are extinct and some protected populations are increasing (P. Widmann in litt. 2012). In five PCCP (Philippine Cockatoo Conservation Program) project sites, it has recovered considerably, but declines elsewhere continue, notably in Polillo, and it is feared nearing extinction in Rizal. Interviews with trappers and farmers indicate that Philippine Cockatoos were considerably more common at least until the early 1980s in Palawan, Mindoro, Polillo, Mabate, Samar, Bohol, and Siargao, indicating that the dramatic decline occurred later in this decade (P. Widmann in litt. 2013), therefore although they have now slowed, declines are suspected to have been >80% in the past three generations (39 years).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Philippines Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Philippines Anonang-Lobi Range site factsheet
Philippines Bacon-Manito site factsheet
Philippines Balabac Island site factsheet
Philippines Balogo Watershed site factsheet
Philippines Basilan Natural Biotic Area site factsheet
Philippines Bataan Natural Park and Subic Bay Forest Reserve site factsheet
Philippines Catanduanes Watershed Forest Reserve site factsheet
Philippines Cuernos de Negros site factsheet
Philippines Culion Island site factsheet
Philippines Lake Lanao site factsheet
Philippines Lake Naujan National Park site factsheet
Philippines Marinduque Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Philippines Mariveles mountains site factsheet
Philippines Mount Apo Natural Park site factsheet
Philippines Mount Bandila-an site factsheet
Philippines Mount Dajo National Park site factsheet
Philippines Mount Halcon site factsheet
Philippines Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Philippines Mount Hilong-hilong site factsheet
Philippines Mount Isarog National Park site factsheet
Philippines Mount Kambinlio and Mount Redondo site factsheet
Philippines Mount Kampalili-Puting Bato site factsheet
Philippines Mount Kanla-on Natural Park site factsheet
Philippines Mount Makiling Forest Reserve site factsheet
Philippines Mount Mantalingahan site factsheet
Philippines Mount Timolan Protected Landscape site factsheet
Philippines Mounts Banahaw-San Cristobal National Park site factsheet
Philippines Pasonanca Natural Park site factsheet
Philippines Polillo Islands site factsheet
Philippines Puerto Galera site factsheet
Philippines Rajah Sikatuna Protected Landscape site factsheet
Philippines Siargao Island Protected Landscape and Seascape site factsheet
Philippines Sibutu and Tumindao Islands site factsheet
Philippines Simunul and Manuk Manka Islands site factsheet
Philippines Tabunan site factsheet
Philippines Tawi-tawi Island site factsheet
Philippines Victoria and Anepahan Ranges site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations marginal resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level major resident
Altitude 0 - 150 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Shifting agriculture Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Marine & freshwater aquaculture / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Rapid Declines High Impact: 8
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Droughts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Unspecified species Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Cacatua haematuropygia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Critically Endangered
Family Cacatuidae (Cockatoos)
Species name author (M?ller, 1776)
Population size 370-770 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 22,700 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species