email a friend
printable version
NT
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 538,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.9 - - -
Population justification: The breeding population, which is confined to Europe, is estimated to number 40,000-78,000 breeding pairs, equating to 120,000- 230,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004).
Trend justification: The species is suspected to be declining moderately rapidly, particularly in the Balkans, based on a balanced assessment of the available evidence (e.g. Griffin 2011, A. Bernard-Laurent in litt. 2012). The species is declining owing to habitat degradation caused by agricultural intensification and urbanization. It is also declining owing to over-hunting in some areas (del Hoyo et al. 1994). This is reflected in its classification as Threatened or Near Threatened in a number of recently published national Red Data Books (covering c. 70% of the species's global population) in which the species has been classified on the basis of population declines thought to approach or exceed 30% over the last three generations.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant      
Belgium Introduced Extant Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
France Native Extant      
Germany Native Extant Yes    
Greece Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant      
Lebanon Introduced Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extinct Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Romania Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant      
Spain Introduced Extant Yes    
Switzerland Native Extant      
Turkey Vagrant Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park site factsheet
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Dobrostan site factsheet
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge site factsheet
Bulgaria Mesta Valley site factsheet
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Pirin site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
France Bec de Crigne site factsheet
France Haut Giffre site factsheet
France Les Bauges site factsheet
France Parc National de la Vanoise site factsheet
France Parc National des Ecrins site factsheet
France Parc National du Mercantour site factsheet
France Vallée du Haut-Guil site factsheet
Greece Acheron delta and gorge site factsheet
Greece Akarnanika mountains site factsheet
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka) site factsheet
Greece Delimidi and Fteri mountains, Agrafa site factsheet
Greece Lake Distos site factsheet
Greece Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa site factsheet
Greece Mount Helmos (Aroania) site factsheet
Greece Mount Iti site factsheet
Greece Mount Olympos site factsheet
Greece Mount Pangaio site factsheet
Greece Mount Taigetos site factsheet
Greece Mount Vardousia site factsheet
Greece Mount Ziria (Killini) site factsheet
Greece Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos site factsheet
Greece Southern Mani, Mount Sanghias and Cape Tenaro site factsheet
Greece Timfi (Gamila) and Smolikas mountains site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Demir Kapija Gorge site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Gradsko-Rosoman-Negotino site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Tikvesh site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Mariovo site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Taor Gorge site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Tikvesh Region site factsheet
Montenegro Lake Skadar site factsheet
Serbia Kopaonik site factsheet
Serbia Prokletije site factsheet
Serbia Sara mountain site factsheet
Serbia Stara mountain-Vidlic site factsheet
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka site factsheet
Slovenia Breginjski Stol site factsheet
Slovenia Julijci site factsheet
Slovenia Karst site factsheet
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley site factsheet
Slovenia Vipavski rob site factsheet
Switzerland Aletsch region site factsheet
Switzerland Bregaglia valley site factsheet
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp site factsheet
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys site factsheet
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park site factsheet
Switzerland Maggia valley site factsheet
Switzerland Piora - Dötra site factsheet
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut site factsheet
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz site factsheet
Switzerland Simplon region site factsheet
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2400 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 3000 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Unknown Unknown Unknown
Stresses
None
Climate change & severe weather Storms & flooding Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Chukar (Alectoris chukar) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Hybridisation
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Red-legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Hybridisation
Residential & commercial development Tourism & recreation areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Alectoris graeca. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Phasianidae (Grouse, pheasants and partridges)
Species name author (Meisner, 1804)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 538,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species