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Iris Lorikeet Psitteuteles iris
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
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This poorly known species has a moderately small population, and it is likely to be in decline owing to trapping and habitat loss; it therefore qualifies as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Psitteuteles iris is restricted to Timor and Wetar, Indonesia and Timor-Leste (BirdLife International 2001, Mauro 2003). It is reported to be not uncommon on Timor-Leste, it still survives in reasonable numbers in West Timor and it is, or at least once was, locally not uncommon on Wetar. It was, nevertheless, judged to be the least common of the three species of lorikeet on Timor in 1995.

Population justification
The global population size has apparently not been formally quantified, but the species is described as locally common at higher elevations, and its population may be in the region of 10,000 individuals, roughly equivalent to 6,600-6,700 mature individuals.

Trend justification
There are no data on population trends; however, the species is suspected to be in decline owing to trapping and habitat degradation.

It occurs in monsoon forest, woodland, plantations and agricultural land with flowering trees, ranging up to 1,500 m (Juniper and Parr 1998), but is also found in open eucalypt savanna.

It is subject to unknown levels of trapping for the bird trade and is also likely to be affected by on-going forest loss.

Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II. Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey to assess population size. Investigate the extent of trapping and take appropriate measures, including the use of awareness campaigns, to address these issues. Regularly monitor at certain sites throughout its range to determine population trends. Protect significant areas of suitable forest on both islands where it occurs.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Juniper, T.; Parr, M. 1998. Parrots: a guide to the parrots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Mauro, I. 2003. New and significant ornithological records from Asia’s newest country: Timor LesteMauro, I..

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Collar, N., Crosby, M., Mahood, S., Taylor, J., Tobias, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Psitteuteles iris. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Iris lorikeet (Psitteuteles iris) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Psittacidae (Parrots)
Species name author (Temminck, 1835)
Population size 6600-6700 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 31,300 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species