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Mindanao Lorikeet Trichoglossus johnstoniae

Justification
This montane species is probably secure but it is localised and scarce over its small range, which is probably diminishing in extent owing to on-going logging and forest loss; however, its population is not considered to be severely fragmented or restricted to a few locations. It is therefore classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Trichoglossus johnstoniae is endemic to Mindanao, Philippines, where it occurs at Mt Kitanglad, near Lake Lanao, Mt Piapayungan, Mt Apo, Mt Matutum, Lake Parker, Luhan, New Dumangas, T'boli, South Cotabato, Lake Sebu and Mt Malindang (Collar et al. 1999). It was described as uncommon and local, and was formerly considered Vulnerable, but now appears to be moderately common and even locally numerous.

Population justification
The global population size has apparently not been formally quantified, but the species is described as very uncommon and there are thought to be fewer than 10,000 individuals. On this basis it is placed in the band 2,500-9,999 individuals, equating to 1,667-6,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1,500-7,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification
There are no data on population trends, but the species is suspected to be in decline at a slow to moderate rate, owing to habitat clearance.

Ecology
It inhabits montane forest above c.1,000 m, up to 1,700 m on Mount Malindang and to 2,500 m on Mount Apo (Juniper and Parr 1998). It prefers mossy forest, but also occurs at the forest edge and in degraded and logged areas. Birds in breeding condition have been collected between March and May (Juniper and Parr 1998).

Threats
Its preferred habitat is relatively unlikely to be affected by human activities in the medium term, but logging and trapping must remain a concern. As a species of montane areas, it is potentially threatened in the long term by the effects of projected climate change on the distribution and extent of its habitats.


Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II. Conservation Actions Proposed
Regularly monitor at certain sites throughout its range to determine population trends. Protect significant areas of primary montane forest on Mindanao.

References
Collar, N. J.; Mallari, N. A. D.; Tabaranza, B. R. J. 1999. Threatened birds of the Philippines: the Haribon Foundation/BirdLife International Red Data Book. Bookmark, Makati City.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Juniper, T.; Parr, M. 1998. Parrots: a guide to the parrots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Trichoglossus johnstoniae. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Mindanao lorikeet (Trichoglossus johnstoniae) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Psittacidae (Parrots)
Species name author Hartert, 1903
Population size 1500-7000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,700 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species