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Great Lizard-cuckoo Coccyzus merlini

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 114,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. (1996).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Bahamas Native Extant      
Cuba Native Extant      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Cuba Alejandro de Humboldt site factsheet
Cuba Alturas de Banao site factsheet
Cuba Cayo Sabinal, Ballenatos y Manglares de la Bahía de Nuevitas site factsheet
Cuba Cayos Romano - Cruz - Megano Grande site factsheet
Cuba Cienaga de Lanier y Sur de la Isla de la Juventud site factsheet
Cuba Ciénaga de Zapata site factsheet
Cuba Delta del Cauto site factsheet
Cuba Delta del Mayarí site factsheet
Cuba Desembarco del Granma site factsheet
Cuba Gibara site factsheet
Cuba Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila site factsheet
Cuba Gran Piedra - Pico Mogote site factsheet
Cuba Guanahacabibes site factsheet
Cuba Hatibonico - Baitiquirí - Imías site factsheet
Cuba La Mensura site factsheet
Cuba Limones - Tuabaquey site factsheet
Cuba Mil Cumbres site factsheet
Cuba Pico Cristal site factsheet
Cuba Río Máximo site factsheet
Cuba Siboney - Juticí site factsheet
Cuba Sierra del Chorrillo site factsheet
Cuba Sierra del Rosario site factsheet
Cuba Topes de Collantes site factsheet
Cuba Turquino - Bayamesa site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Medicine Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Coccyzus merlini. Downloaded from on 14/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 14/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Cuculidae (Cuckoos)
Species name author d'Orbigny, 1839
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 114,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species