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Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2cd+3cd+4cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 990,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.8 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).
Trend justification: A moderately rapid and on-going population decline is suspected, owing to rates of habitat loss and hunting pressure.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Argentina Native Extant       Yes
Brazil Native Extant       Yes
Paraguay Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Alta cuenca del arroyo Alegría site factsheet
Argentina Alta cuenca del arroyo Piray Guazú site factsheet
Argentina Cerro Mártires y Barra Santa María site factsheet
Argentina Corredor Urugua-í Foerster site factsheet
Argentina Montecarlo site factsheet
Argentina Parque Nacional Iguazú y alrededores site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Cruce Caballero site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Guardaparque Horacio Foerster site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Piñalito y alrededores site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Salto Encantado del Valle del Cuñá-Pirú y alrededores site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Urugua-í site factsheet
Argentina Parque Provincial Uruzú y Reserva Forestal San Jorge site factsheet
Argentina Reserva de la Biósfera Yabotí site factsheet
Argentina Reserva Privada Yaguaroundí site factsheet
Argentina San Antonio site factsheet
Argentina Sierra Morena site factsheet
Brazil Alto Cariri site factsheet
Brazil Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guaratuba site factsheet
Brazil Cafundó e Bananal do Norte site factsheet
Brazil Campos Gerais do Paraná site factsheet
Brazil Caratinga site factsheet
Brazil Corredor do Iguaçu site factsheet
Brazil Estação Ecológica de Juréia-Itatins site factsheet
Brazil Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia site factsheet
Brazil Igarassu site factsheet
Brazil Ilha Grande site factsheet
Brazil Ilhabela State Park (Parque Estadual de Ilhabela IBA) site factsheet
Brazil Ilhas Comprida e Cananéia site factsheet
Brazil Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba site factsheet
Brazil Murici site factsheet
Brazil Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Caraguatatuba e Picinguaba) site factsheet
Brazil Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Santos e São Sebastião) site factsheet
Brazil Parque Estadual das Lauráceas e Entorno site factsheet
Brazil Parque Estadual do Rio Doce site factsheet
Brazil Parque Estadual do Rio Guarani site factsheet
Brazil Parque Estadual do Turvo site factsheet
Brazil Parque Nacional de Itatiaia site factsheet
Brazil Parque Nacional do Iguaçu site factsheet
Brazil Região de Blumenau site factsheet
Brazil Região dos Aparados da Serra site factsheet
Brazil Reserva Biológica de Duas Bocas site factsheet
Brazil Reserva Biológica de Pedra Talhada site factsheet
Brazil Salto do Piraí site factsheet
Brazil Santa Teresa site factsheet
Brazil Serra da Bocaina / Paraty / Angra dos Reis site factsheet
Brazil Serra da Cantareira site factsheet
Brazil Serra do Marumbi site factsheet
Brazil Serra do Tabuleiro State Park (Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro IBA) site factsheet
Brazil Serra do Tinguá site factsheet
Brazil Serras das Lontras e do Javi site factsheet
Brazil Sooretama / Linhares site factsheet
Brazil Una site factsheet
Paraguay Arroyo Blanco site factsheet
Paraguay Bosque Mbaracayú site factsheet
Paraguay Cerro Guazú site factsheet
Paraguay Estancia Itabó site factsheet
Paraguay Estancia Muxfeldt site factsheet
Paraguay Ka'aguy Rory site factsheet
Paraguay Limoy site factsheet
Paraguay Morombi site factsheet
Paraguay Parque Nacional Caazapá site factsheet
Paraguay Parque Nacional San Rafael site factsheet
Paraguay Paso Curuzú site factsheet
Paraguay Reserva Itabó - Itaipú site factsheet
Paraguay Serranías de San Joaquín site factsheet
Paraguay Tapyta site factsheet
Paraguay Ybyturuzú site factsheet
Paraguay Ypané Medio site factsheet
Paraguay Ypeti site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 0 - 1200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Transportation & service corridors Roads & railroads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Past Impact
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Historical

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Tinamus solitarius. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Tinamidae (Tinamous)
Species name author (Vieillot, 1819)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 990,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species