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LC
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 23,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 0
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.4 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, though in Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 100-200 breeding pairs, equating to 300-600 individuals (BirdLife International 2004), with Europe forming <5% of the global range. National population sizes have been estimated at possibly c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in China and < c.100 breeding pairs in Taiwan (Brazil 2009).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Angola Native Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes    
Benin Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant Yes    
Botswana Native Extant      
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Burundi Native Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant Yes    
Cameroon Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Congo Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant Yes    
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
France Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Gabon Native Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Ghana Native Extant      
Greece Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant Yes    
India Native Extant Yes    
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant Yes    
Jordan Native Extant      
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes  
Laos Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant      
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Native Extant      
Macao (China) Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant Yes    
Namibia Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant Yes    
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant      
Poland Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Qatar Native Extant   Yes  
Rwanda Native Extant      
São Tomé e Príncipe Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes  
Senegal Native Extant      
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant      
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant Yes    
Togo Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Vagrant Extant   Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes  
Vietnam Native Extant Yes    
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Turkey Cizre and Silopi site factsheet
Turkey Dicle Valley site factsheet
Turkey Karkamış site factsheet
Turkey Southern Euphrates Valley and Birecik Plains site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Excavations (open) suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable resident
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable resident
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable resident
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Ceryle rudis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 23,900,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions