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Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass 13 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 19,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 36,100,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 0
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.5 - - -
Trend justification: C. f. flammea species has undergone a large and statistically significant decrease over the last 40 years in North America (-77% decline over 40 years, equating to a -30.7% decline per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count. In Europe, trends since 1980 are uncertain, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Australia Introduced Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahamas Vagrant Extant      
Belarus Native Extant   Yes  
Belgium Native Extant      
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Vagrant Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant   Yes  
Canada Native Extant Yes   Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Croatia Vagrant Extant      
Cyprus Vagrant Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Estonia Native Extant   Yes  
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant      
Finland Native Extant     Yes
France Native Extant      
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant   Yes  
Iceland Native Extant      
Ireland Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant      
Jamaica Vagrant Extant      
Japan Native Extant      
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant   Yes  
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant   Yes  
Luxembourg Native Extant   Yes  
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Moldova Native Extant   Yes  
Mongolia Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
New Zealand Introduced Extant Yes    
North Korea Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant     Yes
Portugal Vagrant Extant      
Romania Native Extant      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant      
Spain Native Extant   Yes  
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Native Extant     Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Native Extant Yes    
Sweden Native Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant      
Turkey Vagrant Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant   Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant      
USA Native Extant Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant      

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal major breeding
Forest Boreal major non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Carduelis flammea. Downloaded from on 20/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 20/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Fringillidae (Finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 19,500,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species