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Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 17,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 17,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.4 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number < c.600,000 individuals (del Hoyo et al. 2001), while national population estimates include: c.100-100,000 breeding pairs, c.50-10,000 individuals on migration and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in China; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in Taiwan; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Korea; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Japan and c.100-100,000 breeding pairs and c.50-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Algeria Native Extant        
Andorra Native Extant       Yes
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes    
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes      
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bhutan Native Extant Yes      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Brunei Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Cambodia Native Extant Yes      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Egypt Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Finland Native Extant       Yes
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Guam (to USA) Vagrant Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant Yes      
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant Yes      
Indonesia Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Japan Native Extant Yes      
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes Yes
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant       Yes
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macao (China) Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malaysia Native Extant Yes      
Maldives Vagrant Extant        
Malta Native Extant   Yes    
Micronesia, Federated States of Unknown Extant        
Moldova Native Extant     Yes Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant Yes      
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
North Korea Native Extant Yes      
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant   Yes    
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Palau Unknown Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Papua New Guinea Native Extant Yes      
Philippines Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant       Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant   Yes    
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes    
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Singapore Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Solomon Islands Native Extant Yes      
South Korea Native Extant Yes      
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant Yes      
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant Yes      
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Thailand Native Extant Yes      
Timor-Leste Native Extant       Yes
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Vagrant Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Lower Mur valley site factsheet
Austria Machland site factsheet
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest site factsheet
Austria Middle Kamp valley site factsheet
Austria Pielachtal site factsheet
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld site factsheet
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna site factsheet
Austria Salzach valley site factsheet
Belarus Nalibockaja Pušča site factsheet
Belarus Sož floodplain site factsheet
Belarus Zachodniaja Biarezina site factsheet
Belgium Bassin de la Haine site factsheet
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse site factsheet
Belgium Haute Meuse site factsheet
Belgium Haute Sûre/Ardenne méridionale site factsheet
Belgium Vijverkomplex van Midden Limburg site factsheet
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha site factsheet
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst site factsheet
Bulgaria Maritsa-Plovdiv site factsheet
Bulgaria Obnova Fish-ponds site factsheet
Bulgaria Strandzha site factsheet
Croatia Danube and Drava rivers' lowland areas site factsheet
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers - Tvrdonicko site factsheet
Czech Republic Doupov hills site factsheet
Czech Republic Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands site factsheet
Czech Republic Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) site factsheet
Czech Republic Litovelske Pomoravi site factsheet
Czech Republic Poodri site factsheet
Czech Republic Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest) site factsheet
Czech Republic Trebonsko (Trebon region) site factsheet
Czech Republic Zehunský rybník pond site factsheet
Estonia Haanja site factsheet
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
France Basse Vallée de la Durance site factsheet
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud site factsheet
France Bassée et plaines adjacentes site factsheet
France Bassigny site factsheet
France Brenne centrale site factsheet
France Domaine d'Orx site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc site factsheet
France Etangs d'Argonne site factsheet
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan site factsheet
France Etangs Montpellierains site factsheet
France Forêts de Thiérache : Trelon, Fourmies, Hirson et St-Michel site factsheet
France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamp site factsheet
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi site factsheet
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux site factsheet
France Haut Val d'Allier site factsheet
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux site factsheet
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon site factsheet
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre site factsheet
France Plaine du Forez site factsheet
France Plateau Ardennais site factsheet
France Réserve Naturelle du courant d'Huchet site factsheet
France Sologne Bourbonnaise site factsheet
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aisne site factsheet
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême site factsheet
France Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge) site factsheet
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron site factsheet
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau site factsheet
France Vallée de la Meuse site factsheet
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg site factsheet
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg site factsheet
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut site factsheet
Italy Grado and Marano lagoon site factsheet
Italy Lake Bolsena site factsheet
Italy Middle course of River Brenta site factsheet
Italy River Sele middle valley site factsheet
Italy Ticino river site factsheet
Latvia Abava valley site factsheet
Latvia Gauja national park site factsheet
Latvia Salaca valley site factsheet
Latvia Ziemelgauja site factsheet
Lithuania Dubysa River hereinafter Lyduvenai settlement & its valley site factsheet
Lithuania Initial area of Aukstaitija NP site factsheet
Lithuania Jura & Sesuvis rivers and the lower reaches of Jura River site factsheet
Lithuania Kauno Marios water reservoir & eastern coastal zone site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania Valley of Minija River site factsheet
Lithuania Valley of Venta River site factsheet
Lithuania Varduva River and Varduva Reservoir site factsheet
Lithuania Zemaitija National Park site factsheet
Luxembourg Haff Réimech site factsheet
Luxembourg Valley of the Attert site factsheet
Luxembourg Valley of the Syre site factsheet
Netherlands Biesbosch site factsheet
Netherlands IJssel: IJsselkop-Ketelmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Leudal site factsheet
Netherlands Veluwe site factsheet
Poland Barycz river valley site factsheet
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains site factsheet
Poland Bieszczady Mountains site factsheet
Poland Drawa River Site site factsheet
Poland Forest at Drawa River site factsheet
Poland Lower Bug river valley site factsheet
Poland Middle Bug river valley site factsheet
Poland Notec Forest site factsheet
Poland Przemysl Plateau site factsheet
Poland Slonne Mountains site factsheet
Poland Tuchola Forest site factsheet
Romania Allah Bair - Capidava site factsheet
Romania Avrig - Scorei - Făgăraş site factsheet
Romania Braţul Borcea site factsheet
Romania Cârja - Maţa - Rădeanu - Roşcani site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Ostroave site factsheet
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin) site factsheet
Romania Prut river flood-plain - Vlădeşti - Frumuşiţa site factsheet
Russia (European) Dono-Donetskoye flood-plain site factsheet
Russia (European) Moksha flood-plain in vicinity of Krasnoslobodsk site factsheet
Russia (European) Moksha valley in vicinity of Temnikov site factsheet
Serbia Bosutska forest site factsheet
Serbia Danube loess bluffs site factsheet
Serbia Donje Podrinje site factsheet
Serbia Gornje Pomoravlje site factsheet
Slovakia Horna Orava site factsheet
Slovakia Laborecka upland site factsheet
Slovakia Poiplie site factsheet
Slovakia River Danube flood-plain site factsheet
Slovakia Volovské hills site factsheet
Slovenia Dravinja valley site factsheet
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain site factsheet
Slovenia River Drava site factsheet
Slovenia River Mura site factsheet
Slovenia Spodnja Sava site factsheet
Spain Rivers Cinca and Alcanadre riverine forest site factsheet
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains site factsheet
Ukraine Korostushevskoe Game Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest site factsheet
Ukraine Mzha river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest site factsheet
Ukraine Tsybul'kivs'ki lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Velyka Osokorovka site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Excavations (open) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Excavations (open) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Alcedo atthis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 17,900,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species