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Whitehead's Trogon Harpactes whiteheadi
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
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This species is listed as Near Threatened because it has a small range, in which the extent and quality of habitat are in decline, although its population is not regarded as severely fragmented or restricted to a few locations, and it probably has a moderately small population, which is also likely to be in decline.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Harpactes whiteheadi is restricted to Bornean mountains, including Mt Kinabalu, Sabah, and Mt Dulit, Sarawak, Malaysia, and Gunung Lunjut, Kalimantan, Indonesia (BirdLife International 2001). It is apparently uncommon everywhere and reputedly declining on Kinabalu, for unknown reasons.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as uncommon throughout its limited range (del Hoyo et al. 1999).

Trend justification
Data on overall population trends are lacking, but declines have been reported at some sites (e.g. Mt Kinabalu, Sabah) and habitat loss at lower elevations could be impacting populations in parts of the range, thus a slow population decline is suspected.

This species is restricted to primary hill and montane forest at 900-1,500 m. It frequents dark, wet and mossy areas in higher branches of the understorey.

Habitat loss due to logging and agricultural conversion in its lower elevation range may be a threat, but reasons for declines at higher elevations are unknown.

Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Carefully monitor populations at known sites in order to evaluate trends. Ensure the protection of montane forests, particularly on the lower slopes of key sites.

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1999. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 5: Barn-owls to Hummingbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 2001. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Harpactes whiteheadi. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Trogonidae (Trogons)
Species name author Sharpe, 1888
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 18,600 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species