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Baird's Trogon Trogon bairdii

Justification
This species has a small range, in which habitat is declining owing to deforestation. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Trogon bairdii is fairly common in suitable habitat on the Pacific slope of south-west Costa Rica, but there are very few recent records in extreme west Panama (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989, Stiles and Skutch 1989, Angehr and Jordán 1998). There are an estimated 450-1,800 mature individuals in the Important Bird Areas of Costa Rica (J. Criado et al. in litt. 2007, Unión de Ornitólogos de Costa Rica in litt. 2011), thus it is estimated that there are 1,000-5,000 mature individuals in total.

Population justification
There are an estimated 450-1,800 mature individuals in the Important Bird Areas of Costa Rica (J. Criado et al. in litt. 2007, Unión de Ornitólogos de Costa Rica in litt. 2011), thus it is estimated that there are 1,000-5,000 mature individuals in total, probably equivalent to a total population of 1,500-7,500 individuals.

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in decline owing to continued forest clearance.

Ecology
It is restricted to tall rainforest, and adjacent secondary growth on the forest edge, at elevations up to 1,200 m (Stiles and Skutch 1989). It feeds on fruit and insects, and has been observed to take a small lizard (del Hoyo et al. 2001). Breeding takes place in April-August. Its nest is a rounded, unlined chamber with an ascending tunnel, 2-5 m up in a large decaying trunk. It lays 2-3 eggs, and has an incubation period of 16-17 days followed by a fledging period of c.25 days (del Hoyo et al. 2001).

Threats
Extensive forest clearance, for agricultural expansion and timber extraction, has drastically reduced its habitat in Costa Rica and may have almost extirpated the species in Panama (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989, del Hoyo et al. 2001). Forest clearance for cultivation and cattle pasture has been the main process driving habitat loss in the past, but more recently pressure has come from increased coastal development and clearance for extensive oil-palm and pineapple plantations (Unión de Ornitólogos de Costa Rica in litt. 2011).

Conservation Actions Underway
Its core populations occur in Corcovado National Park, Manuel Antonio National Park, Peñas Blancas Wildlife Refuge, Carara Biological Reserve, the lowlands of La Amistad International Park, and several private reserves (del Hoyo et al. 2001, Unión de Ornitólogos de Costa Rica in litt. 2011).
Conservation Actions Proposed
Carry out surveys to assess the species's population size. Search for the species on the Caribbean slope of Panama and southern Costa Rica. Monitor rates of habitat loss and degradation. Increase the area of suitable habitat that is protected. Encourage the restoration of lowland and middle-elevation forest.

References
Angehr, G. R.; Jordan, O. 1998. Report on the Panama Important Bird Areas program. Panama Audubon Society/BirdLife International, Ancon, Panamá.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 2001. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 6: Mousebirds to Hornbills. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Ridgely, R. S.; Gwynne, J. A. 1989. A guide to the birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Stiles, F.G. and Skutch, A.F. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.

Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W.; Parker, T. A.; Moskovits, D. K. 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Isherwood, I., Taylor, J.

Contributors
Biamonte, E., Criado, J., Sandoval, L., Sánchez, C., Sánchez, J., Zook, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Trogon bairdii. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Trogonidae (Trogons)
Species name author Lawrence, 1868
Population size 1000-5000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 12,500 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species